Owing to the ever-increasing safety concerns about conventional lithium-ion batteries, whose applications have expanded to include electric vehicles and grid-scale energy storage, batteries with solidified electrolytes that utilize nonflammable inorganic materials are attracting considerable attention. In particular, owing to their superionic conductivities (as high as ≈10−2 S cm−1) and deformability, sulfide materials as the solid electrolytes (SEs) are considered the enabling material for high-energy bulk-type all-solid-state batteries. Herein the authors provide a brief review on recent progress in sulfide Li- and Na-ion SEs for all-solid-state batteries. After the basic principles in designing SEs are considered, the experimental exploration of multicomponent systems and ab initio calculations that accelerate the search for stronger candidates are discussed. Next, other issues and challenges that are critical for practical applications, such as instability in air, electrochemical stability, and compatibility with active materials, are discussed. Then, an emerging progress in liquid-phase synthesis and solution process of SEs and its relevant prospects in ensuring intimate ionic contacts and fabricating sheet-type electrodes is highlighted. Finally, an outlook on the future research directions for all-solid-state batteries employing sulfide superionic conductors is provided.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
K.H.P. and Q.B. contributed equally to this work. K.H.P., D.H.K., D.Y.O., and Y.S.J. were supported by the Technology Development Program to Solve Climate Changes and by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (Nos. NRF-2017M1A2A2044501 and NRF-2018R1A2B6004996), and by the Materials and Components Technology Development Program of MOTIE/KEIT (10077709). Q.B., Y.Z., and Y.M. were supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, under Award Nos. DE-EE0006860 and DE-EE0007807.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Materials Science(all)