Despite the ubiquitous nature of the Peltier effect in low-dimensional thermoelectric devices, the influence of finite temperature on the electronic structure and transport in the Dirac heterointerfaces of the few-layer graphene and layered tetradymite, Sb2Te3 (which coincidently have excellent thermoelectric properties) are not well understood. In this work, using the first-principles density-functional theory calculations, we investigate the detailed atomic and electronic structure of these Dirac heterointerfaces of graphene and Sb2Te3 and further re-examine the effect of finite temperature on the electronic band structures using a phenomenological temperature-broadening model based on Fermi-Dirac statistics. We then proceed to understand the underlying charge redistribution process in this Dirac heterointerfaces and through solving the Boltzmann transport equation, we present the theoretical evidence of electron-hole asymmetry in its electrical conductivity as a consequence of this charge redistribution mechanism. We finally propose that the hexagonal-stacked Dirac heterointerfaces are useful as efficient p-n junction building blocks in the next-generation thermoelectric devices where the electron-hole asymmetry promotes the thermoelectric transport by "hot" excited charge carriers.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We acknowledge that this work is supported from the Basic Research Laboratory (BRL) Program by the National Research Foundation (NRF) of Korea (Grant No. 2016R1A4A1012929). Computational resources have been provided by the Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information (KISTI) supercomputing center (KSC-2017-C3-0007) and the Australian National Computational Infrastructure (NCI).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)