Detailed study of high-pT neutral pion suppression and azimuthal anisotropy in Au+Au collisions at sNN=200 GeV

S. S. Adler, S. Afanasiev, C. Aidala, N. N. Ajitanand, Y. Akiba, J. Alexander, R. Amirikas, L. Aphecetche, S. H. Aronson, R. Averbeck, T. C. Awes, R. Azmoun, V. Babinstev, A. Baldisseri, K. N. Barish, P. D. Barnes, B. Bassalleck, S. Bathe, S. Batsouli, V. BaublisA. Bazilevsky, S. Belikov, Y. Berndnikov, S. Bhagavatula, J. G. Boissevain, H. Borel, S. Borenstein, M. L. Brooks, D. S. Brown, N. Bruner, D. Bucher, H. Buesching, V. Bumazhnov, G. Bunce, J. M. Burward-Hoy, S. Butsyk, X. Camard, J. S. Chai, P. Chand, W. C. Chang, S. Chernichenko, C. Y. Chi, J. Chiba, M. Chiu, I. J. Choi, J. Choi, R. K. Choudhury, T. Chujo, V. Cianciolo, Y. Cobigo, B. A. Cole, P. Constantin, D. D'Enterria, G. David, H. Delagrange, A. Denisov, A. Deshpande, E. J. Desmond, A. Devismes, O. Dietzsch, O. Drapier, A. Drees, K. A. Drees, R. Du Rietz, A. Durum, D. Dutta, Y. V. Efremenko, K. El Chenawi, A. Enokizono, H. En'Yo, S. Esumi, L. Ewell, D. E. Fields, F. Fleuret, S. L. Fokin, B. D. Fox, Z. Fraenkel, J. E. Frantz, A. Franz, A. D. Frawley, S. Y. Fung, S. Garpman, T. K. Ghosh, A. Glenn, G. Gogiberidze, M. Gonin, J. Gosset, Y. Goto, R. Granier De Cassagnac, N. Grau, S. V. Greene, M. Grosse Perdekamp, W. Guryn, H. Å Gustafsson, T. Hachiya, J. S. Haggerty, H. Hamagaki, A. G. Hansen, E. P. Hartouni, M. Harvey, R. Hayano, N. Hayashi, X. He, M. Heffner, T. K. Hemmick, J. M. Heuser, M. Hibino, J. C. Hill, W. Holzmann, K. Homma, B. Hong, A. Hoover, T. Ichihara, V. V. Ikonnikov, K. Imai, D. Isenhower, M. Ishihara, M. Issah, A. Isupov, B. V. Jacak, W. Y. Jang, Y. Jeong, J. Jia, O. Jinnouchi, B. M. Johnson, S. C. Johnson, K. S. Joo, D. Jouan, S. Kametani, N. Kamihara, J. H. Kang, S. S. Kapoor, K. Katou, S. Kelly, B. Khachaturov, A. Khanzadeev, J. Kikuchi, D. H. Kim, D. J. Kim, D. W. Kim, E. Kim, G. B. Kim, H. J. Kim, E. Kistenev, A. Kiyomichi, K. Kiyoyama, C. Klein-Boesing, H. Kobayashi, L. Kochenda, V. Kochetkov, D. Koehler, T. Kohama, M. Kopytine, D. Kotchetkov, A. Kozlov, P. J. Kroon, C. H. Kuberg, K. Kurita, Y. Kuroki, M. J. Kweon, Y. Kwon, G. S. Kyle, R. Lacey, V. Ladygin, J. G. Lajoie, A. Lebedev, S. Leckey, D. M. Lee, S. Lee, M. J. Leitch, X. H. Li, H. Lim, A. Litvinenko, M. X. Liu, Y. Liu, C. F. Maguire, Y. I. Makdisi, A. Malakhov, V. I. Manko, Y. Mao, G. Martinez, M. D. Marx, H. Masui, F. Matathias, T. Matsumoto, P. L. McGaughey, E. Melnikov, F. Messer, Y. Miake, J. Milan, T. E. Miller, A. Milov, S. Mioduszewski, R. E. Mischke, G. C. Mishra, J. T. Mitchell, A. K. Mohanty, D. P. Morrison, J. M. Moss, F. Mühlbacher, D. Mukhopadhyay, M. Muniruzzaman, J. Murata, S. Nagamiya, J. L. Nagle, T. Nakamura, B. K. Nandi, M. Nara, J. Newby, P. Nilsson, A. S. Nyanin, J. Nystrand, E. O'Brien, C. A. Ogilvie, H. Ohnishi, I. D. Ojha, K. Okada, M. Ono, V. Onuchin, A. Oskarsson, I. Otterlund, K. Oyama, K. Ozawa, D. Pal, A. P.T. Palounek, V. Pantuev, V. Papavassiliou, J. Park, A. Parmar, S. F. Pate, T. Peitzmann, J. C. Peng, V. Peresedov, C. Pinkenburg, R. P. Pisani, F. Plasil, M. L. Purschke, A. K. Purwar, J. Rak, I. Ravinovich, K. F. Read, M. Reuter, K. Reygers, V. Riabov, Y. Riabov, G. Roche, A. Romana, M. Rosati, P. Rosnet, S. S. Ryu, M. E. Sadler, N. Saito, T. Sakaguchi, M. Sakai, S. Sakai, V. Samsonov, L. Sanfratello, R. Santo, H. D. Sato, S. Sato, S. Sawada, Y. Schutz, V. Semenov, R. Seto, M. R. Shaw, T. K. Shea, T. A. Shibata, K. Shigaki, T. Shiina, C. L. Silva, D. Silvermyr, K. S. Sim, C. P. Singh, V. Singh, M. Sivertz, A. Soldatov, R. A. Soltz, W. E. Sondheim, S. P. Sorensen, I. V. Sourikova, F. Staley, P. W. Stankus, E. Stenlund, M. Stepanov, A. Ster, S. P. Stoll, T. Sugitate, J. P. Sullivan, E. M. Takagui, A. Taketani, M. Tamai, K. H. Tanaka, Y. Tanaka, K. Tanida, M. J. Tannenbaum, P. Tarján, J. D. Tepe, T. L. Thomas, J. Tojo, H. Torii, R. S. Towell, I. Tserruya, H. Tsuruoka, S. K. Tuli, H. Tydesjö, N. Tyurin, H. W. Van Hecke, J. Velkovska, M. Velkovsky, V. Veszprémi, L. Villatte, A. A. Vinogradov, M. A. Volkov, E. Vznuzdaev, X. R. Wang, Y. Watanabe, S. N. White, F. K. Wohn, C. L. Woody, W. Xie, Y. Yang, A. Yanovich, S. Yokkaichi, G. R. Young, I. E. Yushmanov, W. A. Zajc, C. Zhang, S. Zhou, S. J. Zhou, L. Zolin

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Abstract

Measurements of neutral pion (π0) production at midrapidity in sNN=200 GeV Au+Au collisions as a function of transverse momentum, pT, collision centrality, and angle with respect to reaction plane are presented. The data represent the final π0 results from the PHENIX experiment for the first RHIC Au+Au run at design center-of-mass energy. They include additional data obtained using the PHENIX Level-2 trigger with more than a factor of 3 increase in statistics over previously published results for pT>6 GeV/c. We evaluate the suppression in the yield of high-pT π0's relative to pointlike scaling expectations using the nuclear modification factor RAA. We present the pT dependence of RAA for nine bins in collision centrality. We separately integrate RAA over larger pT bins to show more precisely the centrality dependence of the high-pT suppression. We then evaluate the dependence of the high-pT suppression on the emission angle Δ of the pions with respect to event reaction plane for seven bins in collision centrality. We show that the yields of high-pT π0's vary strongly with Δ, consistent with prior measurements. We show that this variation persists in the most peripheral bin accessible in this analysis. For the peripheral bins we observe no suppression for neutral pions produced aligned with the reaction plane, whereas the yield of π0's produced perpendicular to the reaction plane is suppressed by a factor of ~2. We analyze the combined centrality and Δ dependence of the π0 suppression in different pT bins using different possible descriptions of parton energy loss dependence on jet path-length averages to determine whether a single geometric picture can explain the observed suppression pattern.

Original languageEnglish
Article number034904
JournalPhysical Review C - Nuclear Physics
Volume76
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Sep 25

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Adler, S. S., Afanasiev, S., Aidala, C., Ajitanand, N. N., Akiba, Y., Alexander, J., Amirikas, R., Aphecetche, L., Aronson, S. H., Averbeck, R., Awes, T. C., Azmoun, R., Babinstev, V., Baldisseri, A., Barish, K. N., Barnes, P. D., Bassalleck, B., Bathe, S., Batsouli, S., ... Zolin, L. (2007). Detailed study of high-pT neutral pion suppression and azimuthal anisotropy in Au+Au collisions at sNN=200 GeV. Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics, 76(3), [034904]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.76.034904