We determine candidate variable sources in the SuperWASP Data Release 1 (DR1) using multiple clustering methods and identifying variable candidates as outliers from large clusters. We extract 15,788,814 light curves that have more than 15 photometric measurements in the SuperWASP DR1. Variations in the light curves are described in terms of nine variability features that are complementary to each other. We consider three different clustering methods based on Gaussian mixture models, including one that was used in our previous work, assuming that real variable candidates can be found as minor clusters and at a distant from major clusters, which correspond to non-variable objects. The three different methods with a broad level of speed and precision prove that we can select a suitable method for detecting variable light curves, depending on the speed and precision constraints on clustering. We also consider a consensus clustering method that combines clustering results obtained using multiple clustering methods. The consensus clustering method improves the reliability of detecting variable candidates by combining information that is learned from a given data set by multiple methods. As a complete variability analysis of the public SuperWASP light curves, we provide clustering results obtained by using an infinite Gaussian mixture model in the framework of variational Bayesian inference, as well as variability indices of the light curves in an online database to help others exploit the SuperWASP data.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
provided by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the Participating Institutions, the National Science Foundation, and the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science. The SDSS-III web site ishttp://www.sdss3.org/. SDSS-III is managed by the Astrophysical Research Consortium for the Participating Institutions of the SDSS-III Collaboration including the University of Arizona, the Brazilian Participation Group, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Carnegie Mellon University, University of Florida, the French Participation Group, the German Participation Group, Harvard University, the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, the Michigan State/Notre Dame/ JINA Participation Group, Johns Hopkins University, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics, Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, New Mexico State University, New York University, Ohio State University, Pennsylvania State University, University of Portsmouth, Princeton University, the Spanish Participation Group, University of Tokyo, University of Utah, Vanderbilt University, University of Virginia, University of Washington, and Yale University.
We thank Oliver Butters for helping us access the Super-WASP data. We also thank the referee for careful reading and comments. We would like to acknowledge the support from KISTI (Korea Institute of Science Technology Information) under the contract of the commissioned research project, Massive Astronomical Data Applications of Cloud computation (KISTI-P11020), with Jaegyoon Hahm, Yong-Hwan Jung, Joon-Weon Yoon, Jae-Hyuck Kwak, and Joo Hyun Kim as technical supporters in the KISTI. S.-W.C. acknowledges the support from the KASI (Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute)—Yonsei research collaboration program for the frontiers of astronomy and space science (2016-1-843-00). Parts of this research were also conducted by the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for All-sky Astrophysics (CAASTRO), through project number CE110001020. We acknowledge the WASP consortium which comprises the University of Cambridge, Keele University, University of Leicester, The Open University, The Queens University Belfast, St. Andrews University, and the Isaac Newton Group. Funding for WASP comes from the consortium universities and from the UK’s Science and Technology Facilities Council. This research has made use of the SIMBAD database, operated at CDS, Strasbourg, France. This research has also made use of the NASA/ IPAC Infrared Science Archive, which is operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. This research is based on observations with AKARI, a JAXA project with the participation of ESA. This publication makes use of data products from the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, which is a joint project of the University of California, Los Angeles, and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory/California Institute of Technology, and NEOWISE, which is a project of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory/California Institute of Technology. WISE and NEOWISE are funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. This publication also makes use of data products from the Two Micron All Sky Survey, which is a joint project of the University of Massachusetts and the Infrared Processing and Analysis Center/California Institute of Technology, funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the National Science Foundation. This work is based in part on data obtained as part of the UKIRT Infrared Deep Sky Survey. Funding for SDSS-III has been
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science