Determination of distal dose edge location by measuring right-angled prompt-gamma rays from a 38 MeV proton beam

Chulhee Min, J. W. Kim, M. Y. Youn, C. H. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In clinical applications, it is very important to accurately determine the range of a proton beam in a patient. Recently, a prototype prompt-gamma scanning system, called a prompt-gamma scanner (PGS), has been constructed at Hanyang University in Korea with the collaboration of the Korean national cancer center (NCC), based on a series of Monte Carlo simulations. The PGS system is composed of a prompt-gamma collimator, a CsI(Tl) scintillation detector, a multi-channel analyzer (MCA), a precision movement system, and an integrated readout system. The prompt-gamma collimator is designed to effectively shield high-energy neutrons from the proton beam passage and subsequent capture gammas. The PGS system can be used to scan the distribution of the prompt gammas in the patient from the proton beam passage. The distribution of the prompt gammas can then be used to determine the proton beam range or the distal dose edge in the patient. In this study, the PGS system was tested with a 38 MeV proton beam at the Korea cancer center hospital (KCCH). The experiment was also simulated, using a Monte Carlo particle transport simulation code, MCNPX. Our result is very encouraging, showing that there is a clear correlation between the distribution of the prompt gammas and the location of the distal dose edge for the 38 MeV proton beam. According to our result, we believe that the location of the distal dose edge can be determined within 1-2 mm from the distribution of the prompt gammas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)562-565
Number of pages4
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume580
Issue number1 SPEC. ISS.
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Sep 21

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Proton beams
proton beams
Gamma rays
Dosimetry
gamma rays
dosage
scanners
Korea
collimators
cancer
Readout systems
Scintillation counters
scintillation
readout
analyzers
Neutrons
simulation
prototypes
Scanning
neutrons

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

Cite this

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abstract = "In clinical applications, it is very important to accurately determine the range of a proton beam in a patient. Recently, a prototype prompt-gamma scanning system, called a prompt-gamma scanner (PGS), has been constructed at Hanyang University in Korea with the collaboration of the Korean national cancer center (NCC), based on a series of Monte Carlo simulations. The PGS system is composed of a prompt-gamma collimator, a CsI(Tl) scintillation detector, a multi-channel analyzer (MCA), a precision movement system, and an integrated readout system. The prompt-gamma collimator is designed to effectively shield high-energy neutrons from the proton beam passage and subsequent capture gammas. The PGS system can be used to scan the distribution of the prompt gammas in the patient from the proton beam passage. The distribution of the prompt gammas can then be used to determine the proton beam range or the distal dose edge in the patient. In this study, the PGS system was tested with a 38 MeV proton beam at the Korea cancer center hospital (KCCH). The experiment was also simulated, using a Monte Carlo particle transport simulation code, MCNPX. Our result is very encouraging, showing that there is a clear correlation between the distribution of the prompt gammas and the location of the distal dose edge for the 38 MeV proton beam. According to our result, we believe that the location of the distal dose edge can be determined within 1-2 mm from the distribution of the prompt gammas.",
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