Magnetic tunnel junctions have not been easily accessible for research because of not only their complicated fabrication processes but also side effects induced during the fabrication. The method utilizing arrays composed of in-line four-point probes with various spacings is promising as an alternative to the fabrication method. We found in the current-in-plane tunneling measurement that the determination of the probe spacing is the most important to evaluate the characteristics of magnetic tunnel junctions. Our simulation indicates that if one would choose at least more than three sets of an array with probe spacings centered at the spacing at which the maximum current-in-plane tunneling magnetoresistance is observed, the statistics should become improved resulting in the accurate evaluation of the properties of tunnel junctions. We also found that the suitable probe spacings with a change in the resistance of electrodes are not as sensitive as those with a change in the RA of the tunnel junction. Our results alert that the failure of selecting suitable probe spacings observes no tunneling signals because tunneling is very sensitive to the resistances of the tunnel junction and electrodes, which makes the current-in-plane tunneling method useless.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported in part by the Future Semiconductor Device Technology Development Program (Grant No. 10044723 ) funded by the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy and Korea Semiconductor Research Consortium , Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Ministry of Education (NRF- 2013R1A1A2013745 ) and the industry–university cooperation project of the SK Hynix Semiconductor Inc.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)