Although the Lower-Extremity Assessment Protocol (LEAP) assesses multidimensional aspects of a patient with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury, there is a need to reduce the di-mensionality of LEAP items to effectively assess patients. Therefore, the present study aimed to establish the validity of LEAP and to determine associated factors and components in a relationship between LEAP and the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) questionnaire. Fif-teen patients who had ACL reconstruction more than 1 year and less than 5 years earlier were re-cruited. Patients performed LEAP, including muscular strength, fatigue index, static balance, drop landing, and functional hopping assessment. They also completed the IKDC questionnaire and the Tegner Activity Score. Factor analysis and stepwise regression analysis were performed. The 14 components of LEAP were categorized into four factors (functional task, muscle strength, neuro-muscular control, and fatigue), which accounted for 83.8% of the cumulative variance by factor analysis. In the stepwise regression analysis, the functional task (R2 = 0.43, p = 0.008) in factors and single-leg hop (R2 = 0.49, p = 0.004) in components were associated with patient-oriented outcomes, respectively. In conclusion, the functional task and single-leg hop may be used for providing valu-able information about knee joints to patients and clinicians.
|Journal||International journal of environmental research and public health|
|Publication status||Published - 2021 Aug 1|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis