Development and validation of a virtual reality-based training program for promoting subjective well-being

Junhyung Kim, Young Hoon Jung, Yu Bin Shin, Min Kyeong Kim, Hyojung Eom, Eunjoo Kim, Joohan Kim, Jae Jin Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Objective Enhancing subjective well-being is an effective way to improve mental health. This study aimed to validate a virtual reality-based interactive feedback program as an intervention tool for promoting subjective well-being. Methods Thirty-six males participated in this program, consisting of three tasks constructed based on the theories of positive psychol-ogy: ‘Experience-based problem recognition task’, ‘Future self-based success story expression task’, and ‘Strength expression task’. Partici-pants rated visual analog scores associated with each of the tasks’ contents. The concurrent validity of task scores was evaluated by correla-tions with the psychological scale scores. Results The total task score was positively correlated with scores of Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF) emotional well-being and psychological well-being, Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale, Dispositional Hope Scale agency dimension and pathways dimension, and Life Orientation Test Revised, but not with MHC-SF social well-being scores. After controlling for the effects of the other task scores, the task scores had linear relationships with certain psychological assessments. Conclusion Since the task scores are closely related to indicators of well-being, self-esteem, hope, and optimism, the program contents are well associated with certain aspects of subjective well-being and thus may be available for training that improves subjective well-be-ing through interactive feedback.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1207-1215
Number of pages9
JournalPsychiatry Investigation
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Dec

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the Brain Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (NRF-2015M3C7A1065053).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Korean Neuropsychiatric Association.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry


Dive into the research topics of 'Development and validation of a virtual reality-based training program for promoting subjective well-being'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this