Aim: To develop a diagnostic DNA chip to detect mutations in the βigh3 gene causing the most common corneal dystrophies (CDs). Methods: Samples from 98 people, including patients with βigh3-associated CDs (β-aCDs), were examined. Specific primer and probe sets were designed to examine exons 4 and 12 of the βigh3 gene, in order to identify mutant and wild-type alleles. Mutations were then identified by hybridisation signals of sequence-specific probes immobilised on the slide glass. Results: Direct sequencing of exons 4 and 12 of the βigh3 gene in the patients' genome showed that β-aCDs could be mainly classified into five types: homozygotic Avellino corneal dystrophy (ACD), heterozygotic ACD, heterozygotic lattice CD I, heterozygotic Reis-Bucklers CD and heterozygotic granular CD. Blind tests were performed by applying the target DNA amplified from the genomic DNA isolated from the peripheral blood of the participants onto a DNA chip. The results obtained by DNA chip hybridisation matched well with the direct DNA sequencing results. Conclusions: The DNA chip developed in this study allowed successful detection of β-aCDs with a sensitivity of 100%. Mutational analysis of exons 4 and 12 of the βigh3 gene, which are the mutational hot spots causing β-aCDs, can be successfully performed with the DNA chip. Thus, this DNA chip-based method should allow a convenient, yet highly accurate, diagnosis of β-aCDs, and can be further applied to diagnose other types of CDs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Sensory Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience