Development of cost effective ultra-high-performance fiber-reinforced concrete using single and hybrid steel fibers

Doo Yeol Yoo, Min Jae Kim, Sung Wook Kim, Jung Jun Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study investigates the flexural behavior of ultra-high-performance fiber-reinforced concrete (UHPFRC) with single and hybrid steel fibers. To do this, three different types of steel fibers, i.e., hooked, twisted, and straight fibers, were considered, and a UHPFRC commercially available in North America was used as a comparison. To suggest a low-cost UHPFRC exhibiting the best flexural performance, test data and cost of fibers were analyzed based on a literature review. Test results indicate that straight steel fibers provide the best flexural performance, including strength, deflection capacity, energy absorption capacity, and cracking behavior, compared with hooked and twisted fibers, especially when many fibers (2% by volume) were incorporated. Hybrid reinforcement (hooked + straight fibers) efficiently improved the flexural performance of the UHPFRC with single hooked fibers, but the twisted + straight fibers were less effective than the UHPFRC with single twisted fibers. The optimum UHPFRCs contained 2 vol% single straight steel fibers (lf/df of 19.5/0.2) or hybrid 0.5 vol% long (lf/df of 30/0.3) and 1.5 vol% medium-length (lf/df of 19.5/0.2) straight steel fibers; they showed better flexural strength and cost effectiveness than other types of UHPFRCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)383-394
Number of pages12
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Sept 30

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work is supported by the Korea Agency for Infrastructure Technology Advancement (KAIA) grant funded by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport (Grant 13IFIP-C113546-01).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)


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