Latent heat thermal energy storage using phase change materials (PCMs) is considered to be the method with the most potential to solve the energy shortage problem. In this study, paraffin-based mixed shape-stabilized PCM (SSPCM) (PBMS) was made by vacuum impregnation method. The prepared PBMS was added to gypsum powder as a fine aggregate. In the experiment, the n-hexadecane and n-octadecane was used as the PCM and the materials have latent heat capacities of 254.7 and 247.6 J/g, and melting points of 20.84 and 30.4 °C, respectively. The PBMS was prepared by an impregnation method in a vacuum, following the manufacturing process. The physical and thermal properties of the PBMS gypsum board were analyzed by Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FTIS), differential scanning calorimetry, enthalpy analysis, and thermogravimetric analysis. From the Fourier transform infrared analysis, PBMS could be maintained in the structure of the gypsum board due to its physical rather than chemical bonding. From the specific heat and enthalpy analysis, the PBMS has high enthalpy and thermal inertia property. In addition, the gypsum board with PBMS has high latent heat capacity and high thermal efficiency.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanics of Materials
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry