Development of rat prostatitis model by oral administration of isoflavone and its characteristics

Soo Mee Kwon, Sun Il Kim, Dong Chan Chun, Namhoon Cho, Bong Chul Chung, Byung Wha Park, Sung Joon Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Inflammation of the prostate can be induced experimentally in rats by the subcutaneous administration of estrogen. However, it is usually achieved at the price of some alteration in the sex steroid hormone balance and morphological changes in the prostate. In this study, a soy-extracted isoflavone mixture with weak estrogenic activity was administered orally in an attempt to induce prostatitis in a more physiologic way and to characterize the inflammation induced. A total of 36 male Sprague-Dawley rats, 8 weeks old, were divided into 2 groups. The control group was fed with only an AIN-76A diet containing no detectable phytoestrogen and the experimental group was fed with AIN-76A and a soy-extracted isoflavone mixture (genistein 60.0% and daidzein 19.6%), 300mg/kg body weight for 9 weeks. The sequential body weight and prostate weight at necropsy were measured. A histologic examination and histomorphometry assessed the changes in the prostate. The serum concentrations of testosterone and dihydrotestosterone were measured to estimate the effects on the androgen level. Intraprostatic concentrations of genistein and daidzein were measured by gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy (GC/MS). While no sign of prostate inflammation was apparent in the control group, severe inflammatory changes in the stroma, increased epithelial detachment and inflammatory exudates within the glandular lumen of the dorsolateral prostate were observed in more than 80% (15/18) of the experimental group. However, there was no significant difference in the ventral prostate between the two groups. The daidzein and genistein concentrations in both the lateral and ventral prostates were significantly higher in the experimental group than in the control group where no isoflavone was detectable. In addition, the concentrations were much higher in the dorsolateral than in the ventral prostate. Although the body weight gain was not consistent in the experimental group, there were no significant differences in the prostate weight and serum androgen level between groups. In summary, when a soy-extracted genistein and daidzeinrich isoflavone mixture was administered orally into rats, prostatic inflammation with characteristic lobe specificity developed. The present method of inducing prostatitis seems to be a more physiologic than an estrogen-induced experimental model, and sequential pharmacokinetic studies might help in establishing this model as a more valuable tool in assisting future research in this field.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-404
Number of pages10
JournalYonsei medical journal
Volume42
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Jan 1

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Prostatitis
Isoflavones
Oral Administration
Prostate
Genistein
Inflammation
Body Weight
Control Groups
Androgens
Estrogens
Weights and Measures
Phytoestrogens
Dihydrotestosterone
Gonadal Steroid Hormones
Exudates and Transudates
Serum
Gas Chromatography
Weight Gain
Sprague Dawley Rats
Testosterone

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Kwon, Soo Mee ; Kim, Sun Il ; Chun, Dong Chan ; Cho, Namhoon ; Chung, Bong Chul ; Park, Byung Wha ; Hong, Sung Joon. / Development of rat prostatitis model by oral administration of isoflavone and its characteristics. In: Yonsei medical journal. 2001 ; Vol. 42, No. 4. pp. 395-404.
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abstract = "Inflammation of the prostate can be induced experimentally in rats by the subcutaneous administration of estrogen. However, it is usually achieved at the price of some alteration in the sex steroid hormone balance and morphological changes in the prostate. In this study, a soy-extracted isoflavone mixture with weak estrogenic activity was administered orally in an attempt to induce prostatitis in a more physiologic way and to characterize the inflammation induced. A total of 36 male Sprague-Dawley rats, 8 weeks old, were divided into 2 groups. The control group was fed with only an AIN-76A diet containing no detectable phytoestrogen and the experimental group was fed with AIN-76A and a soy-extracted isoflavone mixture (genistein 60.0{\%} and daidzein 19.6{\%}), 300mg/kg body weight for 9 weeks. The sequential body weight and prostate weight at necropsy were measured. A histologic examination and histomorphometry assessed the changes in the prostate. The serum concentrations of testosterone and dihydrotestosterone were measured to estimate the effects on the androgen level. Intraprostatic concentrations of genistein and daidzein were measured by gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy (GC/MS). While no sign of prostate inflammation was apparent in the control group, severe inflammatory changes in the stroma, increased epithelial detachment and inflammatory exudates within the glandular lumen of the dorsolateral prostate were observed in more than 80{\%} (15/18) of the experimental group. However, there was no significant difference in the ventral prostate between the two groups. The daidzein and genistein concentrations in both the lateral and ventral prostates were significantly higher in the experimental group than in the control group where no isoflavone was detectable. In addition, the concentrations were much higher in the dorsolateral than in the ventral prostate. Although the body weight gain was not consistent in the experimental group, there were no significant differences in the prostate weight and serum androgen level between groups. In summary, when a soy-extracted genistein and daidzeinrich isoflavone mixture was administered orally into rats, prostatic inflammation with characteristic lobe specificity developed. The present method of inducing prostatitis seems to be a more physiologic than an estrogen-induced experimental model, and sequential pharmacokinetic studies might help in establishing this model as a more valuable tool in assisting future research in this field.",
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Development of rat prostatitis model by oral administration of isoflavone and its characteristics. / Kwon, Soo Mee; Kim, Sun Il; Chun, Dong Chan; Cho, Namhoon; Chung, Bong Chul; Park, Byung Wha; Hong, Sung Joon.

In: Yonsei medical journal, Vol. 42, No. 4, 01.01.2001, p. 395-404.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Kim, Sun Il

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N2 - Inflammation of the prostate can be induced experimentally in rats by the subcutaneous administration of estrogen. However, it is usually achieved at the price of some alteration in the sex steroid hormone balance and morphological changes in the prostate. In this study, a soy-extracted isoflavone mixture with weak estrogenic activity was administered orally in an attempt to induce prostatitis in a more physiologic way and to characterize the inflammation induced. A total of 36 male Sprague-Dawley rats, 8 weeks old, were divided into 2 groups. The control group was fed with only an AIN-76A diet containing no detectable phytoestrogen and the experimental group was fed with AIN-76A and a soy-extracted isoflavone mixture (genistein 60.0% and daidzein 19.6%), 300mg/kg body weight for 9 weeks. The sequential body weight and prostate weight at necropsy were measured. A histologic examination and histomorphometry assessed the changes in the prostate. The serum concentrations of testosterone and dihydrotestosterone were measured to estimate the effects on the androgen level. Intraprostatic concentrations of genistein and daidzein were measured by gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy (GC/MS). While no sign of prostate inflammation was apparent in the control group, severe inflammatory changes in the stroma, increased epithelial detachment and inflammatory exudates within the glandular lumen of the dorsolateral prostate were observed in more than 80% (15/18) of the experimental group. However, there was no significant difference in the ventral prostate between the two groups. The daidzein and genistein concentrations in both the lateral and ventral prostates were significantly higher in the experimental group than in the control group where no isoflavone was detectable. In addition, the concentrations were much higher in the dorsolateral than in the ventral prostate. Although the body weight gain was not consistent in the experimental group, there were no significant differences in the prostate weight and serum androgen level between groups. In summary, when a soy-extracted genistein and daidzeinrich isoflavone mixture was administered orally into rats, prostatic inflammation with characteristic lobe specificity developed. The present method of inducing prostatitis seems to be a more physiologic than an estrogen-induced experimental model, and sequential pharmacokinetic studies might help in establishing this model as a more valuable tool in assisting future research in this field.

AB - Inflammation of the prostate can be induced experimentally in rats by the subcutaneous administration of estrogen. However, it is usually achieved at the price of some alteration in the sex steroid hormone balance and morphological changes in the prostate. In this study, a soy-extracted isoflavone mixture with weak estrogenic activity was administered orally in an attempt to induce prostatitis in a more physiologic way and to characterize the inflammation induced. A total of 36 male Sprague-Dawley rats, 8 weeks old, were divided into 2 groups. The control group was fed with only an AIN-76A diet containing no detectable phytoestrogen and the experimental group was fed with AIN-76A and a soy-extracted isoflavone mixture (genistein 60.0% and daidzein 19.6%), 300mg/kg body weight for 9 weeks. The sequential body weight and prostate weight at necropsy were measured. A histologic examination and histomorphometry assessed the changes in the prostate. The serum concentrations of testosterone and dihydrotestosterone were measured to estimate the effects on the androgen level. Intraprostatic concentrations of genistein and daidzein were measured by gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy (GC/MS). While no sign of prostate inflammation was apparent in the control group, severe inflammatory changes in the stroma, increased epithelial detachment and inflammatory exudates within the glandular lumen of the dorsolateral prostate were observed in more than 80% (15/18) of the experimental group. However, there was no significant difference in the ventral prostate between the two groups. The daidzein and genistein concentrations in both the lateral and ventral prostates were significantly higher in the experimental group than in the control group where no isoflavone was detectable. In addition, the concentrations were much higher in the dorsolateral than in the ventral prostate. Although the body weight gain was not consistent in the experimental group, there were no significant differences in the prostate weight and serum androgen level between groups. In summary, when a soy-extracted genistein and daidzeinrich isoflavone mixture was administered orally into rats, prostatic inflammation with characteristic lobe specificity developed. The present method of inducing prostatitis seems to be a more physiologic than an estrogen-induced experimental model, and sequential pharmacokinetic studies might help in establishing this model as a more valuable tool in assisting future research in this field.

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