Alkaline hydrolysis is one of the most classic fiber finishing methods, however, its potential as tuning surface superhydrophobicity in mass scale has not been studied much. In this research, fine roughness was formed on the polyester fiber surfaces by alkaline hydrolysis at room temperature and fluorinated polymer mixtures were further coated. The developed superhydrophobic fabrics were evaluated in terms of structural changes, mechanical properties, surface hydrophobicity, and permeability for practical applications. As alkaline hydrolysis treatment time increased, surface roughness was increased as a lot of nano-craters were generated with the decrease of fabrics weight and tensile strength as well. As air pockets formed through nano-craters on the fiber surfaces, static contact angle increased, and shedding angle tended to decrease. In this study, the sample treated with alkaline hydrolysis for 20 minutes showed the highest static contact angle of 167.8±1.3° and lowest shedding angle of 4.4±2.3°. Considering tensile strength loss, however, the 15-minute alkaline hydrolyzed fabrics which showed static contact angle of 162.2±2.7° and shedding angle of 8.8±0.2° was selected as the optimal condition for practical application. The newly developed superhydrophobic fabrics were found to have higher water vapor and air permeability than those of untreated samples. At the same time, fluoropolymer coating played a certain role for tensile strength and water vapor permeability demonstrating the importance of understanding and designing proper fluorinated-compound treatment processes.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIP) (No.2015R1A2A2A03002760) and BK21 Plus of the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant funded by the Korean Government (2011- 0014765).
© 2016, The Korean Fiber Society and Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Polymers and Plastics