Development of Vibrational Culture Model Mimicking Vocal Fold Tissues

Dongjoo Kim, JaeYoul Lim, Soonjo Kwon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The vocal folds (VFs) are connective tissues with complex matrix structures that provide the required mechanical properties for voice generation. VF injury leads to changes in tissue structure and properties, resulting in reduced voice quality. However, injury-induced biochemical changes and repair in scarred VF tissues have not been well characterized to date. To treat scarred VFs, it is essential to understand how physiological characteristics of VFs tissue change in response to external perturbation. In this study, we designed a simple vibrational culture model to mimic vibratory microenvironments observed in vivo. This model consists of a flexible culture plate, three linear actuators, a stereo splitter, and a function generator. Human vocal fold fibroblast (hVFF) monolayers were established on the flexible membrane, to which normal phonatory vibrations were delivered from linear actuators and a function generator. The hVFF monolayers were exposed to the vibrational stresses at a frequency of 205 Hz for 2, 6, and 10 h with maximum displacement of 47.1 μm, followed by a 6 h rest. We then observed the changes in cell morphology, cell viability, and gene expression related to extracellular matrix components. In our dynamic culture device mimicking normal phonatory frequencies, cell proliferation increased and expression of hyaluronic acid synthase 2 was downregulated in response to vibrational stresses. The results presented herein will be useful for evaluating cellular responses following VF injuries in the presence or absence of vibrational stresses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3136-3143
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Biomedical Engineering
Volume44
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Oct 1

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Tissue
Function generators
Linear actuators
Fibroblasts
Monolayers
Hyaluronic acid
Cell proliferation
Cell culture
Gene expression
Repair
Cells
Membranes
Mechanical properties

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biomedical Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "The vocal folds (VFs) are connective tissues with complex matrix structures that provide the required mechanical properties for voice generation. VF injury leads to changes in tissue structure and properties, resulting in reduced voice quality. However, injury-induced biochemical changes and repair in scarred VF tissues have not been well characterized to date. To treat scarred VFs, it is essential to understand how physiological characteristics of VFs tissue change in response to external perturbation. In this study, we designed a simple vibrational culture model to mimic vibratory microenvironments observed in vivo. This model consists of a flexible culture plate, three linear actuators, a stereo splitter, and a function generator. Human vocal fold fibroblast (hVFF) monolayers were established on the flexible membrane, to which normal phonatory vibrations were delivered from linear actuators and a function generator. The hVFF monolayers were exposed to the vibrational stresses at a frequency of 205 Hz for 2, 6, and 10 h with maximum displacement of 47.1 μm, followed by a 6 h rest. We then observed the changes in cell morphology, cell viability, and gene expression related to extracellular matrix components. In our dynamic culture device mimicking normal phonatory frequencies, cell proliferation increased and expression of hyaluronic acid synthase 2 was downregulated in response to vibrational stresses. The results presented herein will be useful for evaluating cellular responses following VF injuries in the presence or absence of vibrational stresses.",
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Development of Vibrational Culture Model Mimicking Vocal Fold Tissues. / Kim, Dongjoo; Lim, JaeYoul; Kwon, Soonjo.

In: Annals of Biomedical Engineering, Vol. 44, No. 10, 01.10.2016, p. 3136-3143.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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