Device and programming abstractions for spatiotemporal control of active micro-particle swarms

Amy T. Lam, Karina G. Samuel-Gama, Jonathan Griffin, Matthew Loeun, Lukas C. Gerber, Zahid Hossain, Nate J. Cira, Seung Ah Lee, Ingmar H. Riedel-Kruse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a hardware setup and a set of executable commands for spatiotemporal programming and interactive control of a swarm of self-propelled microscopic agents inside a microfluidic chip. In particular, local and global spatiotemporal light stimuli are used to direct the motion of ensembles of Euglena gracilis, a unicellular phototactic organism. We develop three levels of programming abstractions (stimulus space, swarm space, and system space) to create a scripting language for directing swarms. We then implement a multi-level proof-of-concept biotic game using these commands to demonstrate their utility. These device and programming concepts will enhance our capabilities for manipulating natural and synthetic swarms, with future applications for on-chip processing, diagnostics, education, and research on collective behaviors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1442-1451
Number of pages10
JournalLab on a Chip
Volume17
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

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Euglena gracilis
Microfluidics
Language
Education
Hardware
Light
Equipment and Supplies
Processing
Research

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biomedical Engineering

Cite this

Lam, A. T., Samuel-Gama, K. G., Griffin, J., Loeun, M., Gerber, L. C., Hossain, Z., ... Riedel-Kruse, I. H. (2017). Device and programming abstractions for spatiotemporal control of active micro-particle swarms. Lab on a Chip, 17(8), 1442-1451. https://doi.org/10.1039/c7lc00131b
Lam, Amy T. ; Samuel-Gama, Karina G. ; Griffin, Jonathan ; Loeun, Matthew ; Gerber, Lukas C. ; Hossain, Zahid ; Cira, Nate J. ; Lee, Seung Ah ; Riedel-Kruse, Ingmar H. / Device and programming abstractions for spatiotemporal control of active micro-particle swarms. In: Lab on a Chip. 2017 ; Vol. 17, No. 8. pp. 1442-1451.
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Lam, AT, Samuel-Gama, KG, Griffin, J, Loeun, M, Gerber, LC, Hossain, Z, Cira, NJ, Lee, SA & Riedel-Kruse, IH 2017, 'Device and programming abstractions for spatiotemporal control of active micro-particle swarms', Lab on a Chip, vol. 17, no. 8, pp. 1442-1451. https://doi.org/10.1039/c7lc00131b

Device and programming abstractions for spatiotemporal control of active micro-particle swarms. / Lam, Amy T.; Samuel-Gama, Karina G.; Griffin, Jonathan; Loeun, Matthew; Gerber, Lukas C.; Hossain, Zahid; Cira, Nate J.; Lee, Seung Ah; Riedel-Kruse, Ingmar H.

In: Lab on a Chip, Vol. 17, No. 8, 01.01.2017, p. 1442-1451.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Lam AT, Samuel-Gama KG, Griffin J, Loeun M, Gerber LC, Hossain Z et al. Device and programming abstractions for spatiotemporal control of active micro-particle swarms. Lab on a Chip. 2017 Jan 1;17(8):1442-1451. https://doi.org/10.1039/c7lc00131b