Diagnosis of hepatitis B

Jeong Eun Song, Do Young Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major global health problems leading to severe liver disease such as cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). HBV is a circular, partly double-stranded DNA virus with various serological markers: hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and anti-HBs, anti-HBc IgM and IgG, and hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) and anti-HBe. It is transmitted by sexual, parenteral and vertical route. One significant method to diminish the burden of this disease is timely diagnosis of acute, chronic and occult cases of HBV. First step of HBV diagnosis is achieved by using serological markers for detecting antigens and antibodies. In order to verify first step of diagnosis, to quantify viral load and to identify genotypes, quantitative or qualitative molecular tests are used. In this article, the serological and molecular tests for diagnosis of HBV infection will be reviewed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number338
JournalAnnals of Translational Medicine
Volume4
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Sep

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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