Dichlorocarbene-Functionalized Fluorographene

Synthesis and Reaction Mechanism

Petr Lazar, Chun Kiang Chua, Kateřina Holá, Radek Zbořil, Michal Otyepka, Martin Pumera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Halogen functionalization of graphene is an important branch of graphene research as it provides opportunities to tailor the band gap and catalytic properties of graphene. Monovalent C-X bond obviates pitfalls of functionalization with atoms of groups 13, 15, and 16, which can introduce various poorly defined groups. Here, the preparation of functionalized graphene containing both fluorine and chlorine atoms is shown. The starting material, fluorographite, undergoes a reaction with dichlorocarbene to provide dichlorocarbene-functionalized fluorographene (DCC-FG). The material is characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy with X-ray dispersive spectroscopy. It is found that the chlorine atoms in DCC-FG are distributed homogeneously over the entire area of the fluorographene sheet. Further density functional theory calculations show that the mechanism of dichlorocarbene attack on fluorographene sheet is a two-step process. Dichlorocarbene detaches fluorine atoms from fluorographene sheet and subsequently adds to the newly formed sp2 carbons. Halogenated graphene consisting of two (or eventually three) types of halogen atoms is envisioned to find its way as new graphene materials with tailored properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3790-3796
Number of pages7
JournalSmall
Volume11
Issue number31
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Aug 1

Fingerprint

Graphite
Graphene
Atoms
Halogens
Fluorine
Chlorine
Photoelectron Spectroscopy
Raman Spectrum Analysis
High resolution transmission electron microscopy
Transmission Electron Microscopy
Density functional theory
Raman spectroscopy
dichlorocarbene
Spectrum Analysis
Energy gap
Carbon
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
X-Rays
Spectroscopy
X rays

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Biomaterials
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Lazar, P., Chua, C. K., Holá, K., Zbořil, R., Otyepka, M., & Pumera, M. (2015). Dichlorocarbene-Functionalized Fluorographene: Synthesis and Reaction Mechanism. Small, 11(31), 3790-3796. https://doi.org/10.1002/smll.201500364
Lazar, Petr ; Chua, Chun Kiang ; Holá, Kateřina ; Zbořil, Radek ; Otyepka, Michal ; Pumera, Martin. / Dichlorocarbene-Functionalized Fluorographene : Synthesis and Reaction Mechanism. In: Small. 2015 ; Vol. 11, No. 31. pp. 3790-3796.
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Lazar, P, Chua, CK, Holá, K, Zbořil, R, Otyepka, M & Pumera, M 2015, 'Dichlorocarbene-Functionalized Fluorographene: Synthesis and Reaction Mechanism', Small, vol. 11, no. 31, pp. 3790-3796. https://doi.org/10.1002/smll.201500364

Dichlorocarbene-Functionalized Fluorographene : Synthesis and Reaction Mechanism. / Lazar, Petr; Chua, Chun Kiang; Holá, Kateřina; Zbořil, Radek; Otyepka, Michal; Pumera, Martin.

In: Small, Vol. 11, No. 31, 01.08.2015, p. 3790-3796.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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