Background: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is an independent risk factor for late stent thrombosis which might be related to the impaired vascular healing after drug-eluting stent (DES) due to the disruption of plaques and thrombus formation. Therefore, we investigated the vascular response after various DES implantations between ACS and stable angina pectoris (SAP) using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods: Ninety-one patients [49 ACS: 20 sirolimus-eluting (SES), 12 paclitaxel-eluting (PES) and 17 zotarolimus eluting stent (ZES) and 42 SAP: 15 SES, 12 PES and 15 ZES] underwent OCT at 9 months after stent implantation. Neointimal coverage and malapposition were evaluated in 21,939 struts in 2269-mm stented segments. Results: In the ACS group, the incidence of uncovered and malapposed struts was significantly higher (8.9 ± 13.7 vs 2.9 ± 6.2%, p = 0.01 and 2.2 ± 5.6 vs 0.5 ± 2.0%, p = 0.02). Among the three DESs tested, SES showed a significantly higher rate of uncovered struts in the ACS group (17.3 ± 13.4 vs 4.4 ± 6.2%, p = 0.003). PES had a trend toward higher rate of uncovered and malapposed struts in the ACS groups (6.7 ± 7.6 vs 4.0 ± 9.0%, p = 0.13) while ZES was similar in both groups. Conclusion: The patterns of neointimal coverage and malapposition at 9 months after DES implantation were different between ACS and SAP, and variable among the DES type between two groups. Therefore, the present study suggests that vascular response after DES implantation might be influenced by both clinical presentation and type of DES.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors thank Nam Wook Hur, Ph D at the Medical Research Support Section of Yonsei University for statistical support. The authors of this manuscript have certified that they comply with the Principles of Ethical Publishing in the International Journal of Cardiology  .
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine