In several neuronal systems, nerve growth factor (NGF) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) act as neurogenic agents, whereas epidermal growth factor (EGF) acts as a mitogenic agent. Hippocampal stem cell lines (HiB5) immortalized by the expression of a temperature-sensitive SV40 large T antigen also respond differentially to EGF and PDGF. While EGF treatment at the permissive temperature induces proliferation, the addition of PDGF induces differentiation at the non-permissive temperature. However, the mechanism responsible for these different cellular fates has not been clearly elucidated. In order to clarify possible critical signaling events leading to these distinct cellular outcomes, we examined whether either EGF or PDGF differentially induces the activation of phospholipases, such as phospholipase A2 (PLA2), C (PLC), or D (PLD). Although EGF stimulation did not induce phospholipases, PDGF caused a rapid and transient activation of PLC and PLD, but not PLA2. When the activation of PLC or PLD was blocked, the neurite outgrowth induced by PDGF was significantly inhibited. Although the activation of PLD occurred faster than PLC, blocking of PLD activity by transient expression of lipase-inactive mutants did not inhibit the induction of PLC activity by PDGF. These results suggest that the differential activation of phospholipases may play an important role in signal transduction by mitogenic EGF and neurotrophic PDGF in HiB5 neuronal hippocampal stem cells. In particular, the activation of phospholipase C and D may contribute to neuronal differentiation by neurogenic PDGF in the HiB5 cells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience