Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms are hemoenzymes that are only active as homodimers. We have examined the effect of the substrate-analogue inhibitors, NG-monomethyl-l-arginine (l-NMA), NG-nitro-l-arginine (l-NNA), NG-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME), N5-(1-iminoethyl)-l-ornithine (l-NIO), and N6-(1-iminoethyl)-l-lysine (l-NIL), the guanidine-containing inhibitor aminoguanidine (AG), and the amidine moiety-containing iNOS-specific inhibitor 1400W, on the formation of NOS dimer. Of these inhibitors, l-NMA effectively not only inhibited iNOS dimerization, but also destabilized its dimeric form in RAW264.7 cells stimulated with lipopolysaccharide plus interferon-γ, but not eNOS dimerization in endothelial cells. Importantly, this inhibition was highly correlated with NO production. These inhibitory effects were significantly reversed by addition of l-arginine. However, l-NNA, l-NAME, and AG in part or significantly increased dimerization of iNOS and eNOS in intact cells, and the other inhibitors assessed did not alter dimerization of iNOS and eNOS. These data taken together suggest that substituted groups of an arginine guanidino moiety play an important role in NOS dimerization as well as its catalytic activity. Our results indicate that l-NMA can inhibit iNOS-dependent NO production by preventing iNOS dimerization and destabilizing its dimeric form.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2012 Feb 3|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank Mrs. Elaine Por for helpful comments and critical reading of this manuscript. This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant funded by the Korea government (MEST) (No. 20110028790 ).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology