Differential expressions of NOD-like receptors and their associations with inflammatory responses in rheumatoid arthritis

Hye Won Kim, Yong Jin Kwon, Byung Wook Park, Jason Jungsik Song, YongBeom Park, Min Chan Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective To determine the differential expressions of nucleotide oligomerisation domain (NOD)-like receptors (NLRs) and to investigate their association with inflammatory responses in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS). Methods Gene expression and protein levels of various NLRs, including NOD1, NOD2, NLRP1, NLRP3, NLRP12, NLRX1, and NLRC3, were determined in FLS and synovial tissues from patients with RA and patients with osteoarthritis (OA) using quantitative real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry. After transfection of NOD2 RNAi plasmids or a pcDNA3.1-NLRX1 vector, gene expression levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines in RA FLS and the protein levels of these cytokines in culture supernatants were determined using quantitative real-time PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. The effects of NLR gene regulation on NF-κB and caspase-1 were evaluated using Western blot analysis. Results Gene expression levels of NOD1, NLRP1, NLRP3, NLRP12, and NLRC3 were not different between RA and OA samples. NOD2 gene expression and protein levels were significantly increased in RA samples, whereas the levels of NLRX1 were significantly decreased. Downregulation of NOD2 gene expression by transfection with NOD2 RNAi plasmid significantly reduced pro-inflammatory cytokine levels in RA FLS, while transfection with adenoviral vectors encoding NLRX1 had no effect on pro-inflammatory cytokine levels. Downregulation of NOD2 gene expression significantly decreased NF-κB, TRAF6, and IKK levels, but not caspase-1 levels, in RA FLS. Conclusion NOD2 is upregulated in RA FLS; moreover, downregulation of NOD2 gene expression reduces pro-inflammatory cytokine and NF-κB levels in RA FLS. These findings provide evidence that NOD2 exerts pro-inflammatory effects in RA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)630-637
Number of pages8
JournalClinical and experimental rheumatology
Volume35
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

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Rheumatoid Arthritis
Nucleotides
Fibroblasts
Gene Expression
Cytokines
Transfection
Caspase 1
Down-Regulation
RNA Interference
Osteoarthritis
Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
Plasmids
TNF Receptor-Associated Factor 6
Proteins
Synoviocytes
Western Blotting
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Immunohistochemistry
Genes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Cite this

Kim, Hye Won ; Kwon, Yong Jin ; Park, Byung Wook ; Song, Jason Jungsik ; Park, YongBeom ; Park, Min Chan. / Differential expressions of NOD-like receptors and their associations with inflammatory responses in rheumatoid arthritis. In: Clinical and experimental rheumatology. 2017 ; Vol. 35, No. 4. pp. 630-637.
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abstract = "Objective To determine the differential expressions of nucleotide oligomerisation domain (NOD)-like receptors (NLRs) and to investigate their association with inflammatory responses in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS). Methods Gene expression and protein levels of various NLRs, including NOD1, NOD2, NLRP1, NLRP3, NLRP12, NLRX1, and NLRC3, were determined in FLS and synovial tissues from patients with RA and patients with osteoarthritis (OA) using quantitative real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry. After transfection of NOD2 RNAi plasmids or a pcDNA3.1-NLRX1 vector, gene expression levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines in RA FLS and the protein levels of these cytokines in culture supernatants were determined using quantitative real-time PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. The effects of NLR gene regulation on NF-κB and caspase-1 were evaluated using Western blot analysis. Results Gene expression levels of NOD1, NLRP1, NLRP3, NLRP12, and NLRC3 were not different between RA and OA samples. NOD2 gene expression and protein levels were significantly increased in RA samples, whereas the levels of NLRX1 were significantly decreased. Downregulation of NOD2 gene expression by transfection with NOD2 RNAi plasmid significantly reduced pro-inflammatory cytokine levels in RA FLS, while transfection with adenoviral vectors encoding NLRX1 had no effect on pro-inflammatory cytokine levels. Downregulation of NOD2 gene expression significantly decreased NF-κB, TRAF6, and IKK levels, but not caspase-1 levels, in RA FLS. Conclusion NOD2 is upregulated in RA FLS; moreover, downregulation of NOD2 gene expression reduces pro-inflammatory cytokine and NF-κB levels in RA FLS. These findings provide evidence that NOD2 exerts pro-inflammatory effects in RA.",
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Differential expressions of NOD-like receptors and their associations with inflammatory responses in rheumatoid arthritis. / Kim, Hye Won; Kwon, Yong Jin; Park, Byung Wook; Song, Jason Jungsik; Park, YongBeom; Park, Min Chan.

In: Clinical and experimental rheumatology, Vol. 35, No. 4, 01.01.2017, p. 630-637.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Differential expressions of NOD-like receptors and their associations with inflammatory responses in rheumatoid arthritis

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AU - Kwon, Yong Jin

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AU - Song, Jason Jungsik

AU - Park, YongBeom

AU - Park, Min Chan

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N2 - Objective To determine the differential expressions of nucleotide oligomerisation domain (NOD)-like receptors (NLRs) and to investigate their association with inflammatory responses in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS). Methods Gene expression and protein levels of various NLRs, including NOD1, NOD2, NLRP1, NLRP3, NLRP12, NLRX1, and NLRC3, were determined in FLS and synovial tissues from patients with RA and patients with osteoarthritis (OA) using quantitative real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry. After transfection of NOD2 RNAi plasmids or a pcDNA3.1-NLRX1 vector, gene expression levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines in RA FLS and the protein levels of these cytokines in culture supernatants were determined using quantitative real-time PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. The effects of NLR gene regulation on NF-κB and caspase-1 were evaluated using Western blot analysis. Results Gene expression levels of NOD1, NLRP1, NLRP3, NLRP12, and NLRC3 were not different between RA and OA samples. NOD2 gene expression and protein levels were significantly increased in RA samples, whereas the levels of NLRX1 were significantly decreased. Downregulation of NOD2 gene expression by transfection with NOD2 RNAi plasmid significantly reduced pro-inflammatory cytokine levels in RA FLS, while transfection with adenoviral vectors encoding NLRX1 had no effect on pro-inflammatory cytokine levels. Downregulation of NOD2 gene expression significantly decreased NF-κB, TRAF6, and IKK levels, but not caspase-1 levels, in RA FLS. Conclusion NOD2 is upregulated in RA FLS; moreover, downregulation of NOD2 gene expression reduces pro-inflammatory cytokine and NF-κB levels in RA FLS. These findings provide evidence that NOD2 exerts pro-inflammatory effects in RA.

AB - Objective To determine the differential expressions of nucleotide oligomerisation domain (NOD)-like receptors (NLRs) and to investigate their association with inflammatory responses in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS). Methods Gene expression and protein levels of various NLRs, including NOD1, NOD2, NLRP1, NLRP3, NLRP12, NLRX1, and NLRC3, were determined in FLS and synovial tissues from patients with RA and patients with osteoarthritis (OA) using quantitative real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry. After transfection of NOD2 RNAi plasmids or a pcDNA3.1-NLRX1 vector, gene expression levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines in RA FLS and the protein levels of these cytokines in culture supernatants were determined using quantitative real-time PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. The effects of NLR gene regulation on NF-κB and caspase-1 were evaluated using Western blot analysis. Results Gene expression levels of NOD1, NLRP1, NLRP3, NLRP12, and NLRC3 were not different between RA and OA samples. NOD2 gene expression and protein levels were significantly increased in RA samples, whereas the levels of NLRX1 were significantly decreased. Downregulation of NOD2 gene expression by transfection with NOD2 RNAi plasmid significantly reduced pro-inflammatory cytokine levels in RA FLS, while transfection with adenoviral vectors encoding NLRX1 had no effect on pro-inflammatory cytokine levels. Downregulation of NOD2 gene expression significantly decreased NF-κB, TRAF6, and IKK levels, but not caspase-1 levels, in RA FLS. Conclusion NOD2 is upregulated in RA FLS; moreover, downregulation of NOD2 gene expression reduces pro-inflammatory cytokine and NF-κB levels in RA FLS. These findings provide evidence that NOD2 exerts pro-inflammatory effects in RA.

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