Differential Impact of Net Atrioventricular Compliance on Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Mitral Stenosis According to Cardiac Rhythm

In Jeong Cho, Hyuk Jae Chang, Soo Yeon Lee, Chi Young Shim, Geu Ru Hong, Namsik Chung

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Abstract

Background Net atrioventricular compliance (Cn), a parameter for the net compliance of the left atrium and left ventricle, is known to be a useful predictor of outcomes in patients with mitral stenosis (MS). The present study aimed to evaluate whether the impact of Cn on symptom status and clinical outcomes, as well as its contribution toward systolic pulmonary artery pressure (SPAP), differed according to cardiac rhythm. Methods We retrospectively reviewed patients (N = 308) with rheumatic pure MS. Doppler-derived Cn was calculated using planimetered mitral valve area and E-wave downslope of transmitral flow. The primary endpoint was defined as a composite of all-cause death, percutaneous mitral valvotomy, surgical mitral valve replacement, admission for heart failure, and stroke. Results Overall, there were 178 patients (58%) with sinus rhythm (SR) and 130 patients (42%) with atrial fibrillation (AF). In multivariable linear regression analysis, there was a significant independent association between Cn and SPAP in patients with SR (P =.014), but not in those with AF (P =.112). During a median follow-up of 38 months, 130 patients (27%) experienced the study endpoint. In multivariable Cox regression, high Cn was associated with a more favorable prognosis in patients with SR (hazard ratio = 0.83; 95% CI, 0.69-0.99; P =.038). Conversely, high Cn was not found to offset the burden of adverse clinical outcomes in those with AF (hazard ratio = 1.18; 95% CI, 0.99-1.40; P =.071). Conclusions Cn appears to be associated with SPAP and clinical outcomes in MS patients with SR. The predictive role of Cn in patients with AF requires further clarification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)552-560
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Volume30
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jun

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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