Differential Prognostic Effect Between First- and Second-Generation Drug-Eluting Stents in Coronary Bifurcation Lesions: Patient-Level Analysis of the Korean Bifurcation Pooled Cohorts

Joo Myung Lee, Joo Yong Hahn, Jeehoon Kang, Kyung Woo Park, Woo Jung Chun, Seung Woon Rha, Cheol Woong Yu, Jin Ok Jeong, Myung Ho Jeong, Jung Han Yoon, Yangsoo Jang, Seung Jea Tahk, Hyeon Cheol Gwon, Bon Kwon Koo, Hyo Soo Kim

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22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives The purpose of this study was to investigate the differential clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for coronary bifurcation lesions with 1- or 2-stenting techniques using first- or second-generation drug-eluting stents (DES). Background The 2-stenting technique has been regarded to have worse clinical outcomes than the 1-stenting technique after bifurcation PCI with first-generation DES. However, there has been a paucity of data comparing the 1- and 2-stenting techniques with the use of second-generation DES. Methods Patient-level pooled analysis was performed with 3,162 patients undergoing PCI using first- or second-generation DES for bifurcation lesions from the "Korean Bifurcation Pooled Cohorts" (COBIS [Coronary Bifurcation Stenting] II, EXCELLENT [Registry to Evaluate Efficacy of Xience/Promus Versus Cypher in Reducing Late Loss After Stenting], and RESOLUTE-Korea [Registry to Evaluate the Efficacy of Zotarolimus-Eluting Stent]). The 3-year clinical outcomes were compared between 1- and 2-stenting techniques, stratified by the type of DES. Results With first-generation DES, rates of target lesion failure (TLF) or patient-oriented composite outcome (POCO) (a composite of all death, any myocardial infarction, any repeat revascularization, and cerebrovascular accidents) at 3 years were significantly higher after the 2-stenting than the 1-stenting technique (TLF 8.6% vs. 17.5%; p < 0.001; POCO 18.1% vs. 28.5%, p < 0.001). With second-generation DES, however, there was no difference between 1- and 2-stenting techniques (TLF 5.4% vs. 5.8%; p = 0.768; POCO 11.2% vs. 12.9%; p = 0.995). The differential effects of 2-stenting technique on the prognosis according to the type of DES were also corroborated with similar results by the inverse probability weighted model. The 2-stenting technique was a significant independent predictor of TLF in first-generation DES (hazard ratio: 2.046; 95% confidence interval: 1.114 to 3.759; p < 0.001), but not in second-generation DES (hazard ratio: 0.667; 95% confidence interval: 0.247 to 1.802; p = 0.425). Conclusions Patient-level pooled analysis of 3,162 patients in Korean Bifurcation Pooled Cohorts demonstrated that the 2-stenting technique showed comparable outcomes to 1-stenting technique with second-generation DES, which is different from the results of first-generation DES favoring the 1-stenting technique.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2066
Pages (from-to)1318-1331
Number of pages14
JournalJACC: Cardiovascular Interventions
Volume8
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Aug 24

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by a grant from the Korea Healthcare Technology R&D Project, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Republic of Korea (A102065) and a grant from the Innovative Research Institute for Cell Therapy, Seoul National University Hospital (A062260), sponsored by the Ministry of Health, Welfare & Family, Republic of Korea. The authors have reported that they have no relationships relevant to the contents of this paper to disclose.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 American College of Cardiology Foundation.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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