Hyper-activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) has recently been reported in several human cancers and activation of MAPK in those cancers may be associated with carcinogenesis through aberrant cell proliferation. To understand the roles of the MARK pathway in colorectal tumorigenesis, we examined the status of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinases (ERK1/2) in 21 colorectal tumour specimens and compared it with that of paired normals. The specific MAPK activities were two- to tenfold lower in 71% (15 out of 21 cases) of colorectal tumours compared to those in paired normals. The individual MAPK kinase (MEK) correlated with MARK activities (P = 0.006). Reduction of the MAPK and MEK activities in colorectal tumours was also observed in adenomas. These results suggested that down-regulation of the MAPK cascade may be caused by early genetic event(s) and that it may be related to the loss of normal growth control. Although MAPK activities were down-regulated both in adenomas and carcinomas, activities of the MAPKs in carcinomas were higher than those of paired adenomas. These results suggested that MARK activities may be increased in the adenoma-to-carcinoma sequence and that it may play a role in the tumour progression. Observation of the differential regulation of MAPK activities in colorectal tumorigeneis suggested roles for the MAPK pathway in both positive and negative controls of cell growth.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We wish to thank Robert Ross for his editorial assistance in English. We also thank Sun-Hong Kim and Jonggun Lim for their help with technical assistance and statistical analysis respectively. We also thank Kyung-Sup Kim for his helpful discussion. This work was supported by a grant of “96–98” Good Health R & D project (Grant # HMP-96-M-2-1019 to KYC and HK), Ministry of Health and Welfare, R.O.K.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research