Differentiation of the Follicular Neoplasm on the Gray-Scale US by Image Selection Subsampling along with the Marginal Outline Using Convolutional Neural Network

Jeong Kweon Seo, Young Jae Kim, Kwang Gi Kim, Ilah Shin, Jung Hee Shin, Jin Young Kwak

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We conducted differentiations between thyroid follicular adenoma and carcinoma for 8-bit bitmap ultrasonography (US) images utilizing a deep-learning approach. For the data sets, we gathered small-boxed selected images adjacent to the marginal outline of nodules and applied a convolutional neural network (CNN) to have differentiation, based on a statistical aggregation, that is, a decision by majority. From the implementation of the method, introducing a newly devised, scalable, parameterized normalization treatment, we observed meaningful aspects in various experiments, collecting evidence regarding the existence of features retained on the margin of thyroid nodules, such as 89.51% of the overall differentiation accuracy for the test data, with 93.19% of accuracy for benign adenoma and 71.05% for carcinoma, from 230 benign adenoma and 77 carcinoma US images, where we used only 39 benign adenomas and 39 carcinomas to train the CNN model, and, with these extremely small training data sets and their model, we tested 191 benign adenomas and 38 carcinomas. We present numerical results including area under receiver operating characteristic (AUROC).

Original languageEnglish
Article number3098293
JournalBioMed Research International
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

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