Thyroid nodules are a common clinical problem. Ultrasonography (US) is the main tool used to sensitively diagnose thyroid cancer. Although US is non-invasive and can accurately differentiate benign and malignant thyroid nodules, it is subjective and its results inevitably lack reproducibility. Therefore, to provide objective and reliable information for US assessment, we developed a CADx system that utilizes convolutional neural networks and the machine learning technique. The diagnostic performances of 6 radiologists and 3 representative results obtained from the proposed CADx system were compared and analyzed.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea grant NRF-2015R1A5A1009350. This study was also supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) by the Ministry of Education (2016R1D1A1B03930375). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes