Diffusion mechanism of carbon dioxide in zeolite 4A and CaX pellets

Hyungwoong Ahn, Jong Ho Moon, Sang Hoon Hyun, Chang Ha Lee

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The adsorption kinetics and equilibria of CO2 in commercial zeolite 4A and CaX pellets were theoretically and experimentally studied by a gravimetric method in the range of 273-313 K and 0.0-0.8 atm. The diffusion mechanism of an adsorbate into a pellet is composed of micropore and macropore diffusion due to the bidisperse structure of the pellet. When one diffusion mechanism played a more important role than the other in determining the overall diffusion rate, the diffusion rate was estimated by the nonisothermal monodisperse diffusion model (NMDM). However, when the combined effects of both mechanisms controlled the overall adsorption kinetics, the experimental uptake was analyzed by the nonisothermal bidisperse diffusion model (NBDM). The CO 2 diffusion in zeolite 4A pellets was controlled by micropore diffusion within the experimental pressure and temperature ranges. However, both macropore and micropore diffusion contributed to CO2 diffusion in the zeolite CaX pellet. The overall CO2 diffusion rate in zeolite CaX became faster as pressure increased mainly due to its highly favorable isotherm in the zeolite CaX. The micropore diffusion time constant of CO 2 in the zeolite CaX pellet was approximately one hundred times greater than that in the zeolite 4A pellet. In addition, the activation energy of micropore diffusion of CO2 diffusion in the zeolite CaX pellet was smaller than that in the zeolite 4A pellet. In this study, the dimensionless parameter, γ, indicating the relative importance of macropore and micropore diffusion, was modified to consider non-zero coverage as an initial condition for each step in the gravimetric method. When γ is greater than 100, the overall adsorption rate is controlled by macropore diffusion. However, in cases where γ is less than 0.1, micropore diffusion is the dominant mechanism in the overall adsorption rate. In the case of a system with γ between these values, both macropore and micropore diffusion contributed to the overall diffusion rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-128
Number of pages18
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Jun 1


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

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