Purpose: To investigate the potential of diffusional kurtosis imaging (DKI) and conventional diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in the evaluation of additional suspicious lesions at preoperative breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with breast cancer. Materials and methods: Fifty-three additional suspicious lesions in 45 patients with breast cancer, which were detected on preoperative breast MRI, were examined with a 3-T MR system. DKI and DWI data were obtained using a spin-echo single-shot echo-planar imaging sequence with b-values of 0, 50, 600, 1000, and 3000 s/mm2. Histogram parameters (mean, standard deviation, minimum, maximum, 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, 90th percentiles, kurtosis, skewness and entropy) of ADC from DWI and diffusivity (D), kurtosis (K) from DKI were calculated after postprocessing. Parameters were compared between benign vs. ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) vs. invasive breast lesions and diagnostic performances were evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. Correlation between the mean values of D and K was analyzed according to lesion type. Results: Multiple histogram parameters of D (mean, 25th, 50th percentile, 75th percentile, and entropy) differed between benign and invasive breast lesions (all P < 0.005), but none differed between benign vs. DCIS. D-90th percentile differed between DCIS vs. invasive cancer (P = 0.040). K-10th percentile differed between benign vs. DCIS (P = 0.015). ADC-75th percentile differed between benign vs. invasive cancer and ADC-75th percentile, ADC-90th percentile differed between DCIS vs. invasive cancer, respectively (all P < 0.005). ROC curve analysis showed high specificity for discrimination between benign and invasive cancer. D-mean and K-mean showed strong correlation in benign (rs = −0.813) and invasive lesions (rs = −0.853), but no significant correlation in DCIS. Conclusion: DKI may aid in the differentiation of additional suspicious lesions at preoperative breast MRI. Both ADC and DKI may have lower potential in differentiating DCIS from benign lesions.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by a Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education ( NRF-2017R1D1A1B03035995 ) and by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning , Republic of Korea ( NRF-2017R1A2B4010407 ).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging