A simple and flexible strategy for controlled synthesis of mesoporous metal oxide films using an amphiphilic graft copolymer as sacrificial template is presented and the effectiveness of this approach for gas-sensing applications is reported. The amphiphilic graft copolymer poly(vinyl chloride)-g-poly(oxyethylene methacrylate) (PVC-g-POEM) is used as a sacrificial template for the direct synthesis of mesoporous SnO2. The graft copolymer self-assembly is shown to enable good control over the morphology of the resulting SnO2 layer. Using this approach, mesoporous SnO2 based sensors with varied porosity are fabricated in situ on a microheater platform. This method reduces the interfacial contact resistance between the chemically sensitive materials and the microheater, while a simple fabrication process is provided. The sensors show significantly different gas-sensing performances depending on the SnO2 porosity, with the highly mesoporous SnO2 sensor exhibiting high sensitivity, low detection limit, and fast response and recovery toward hydrogen gas. This printable solution-based method can be used reproducibly to fabricate a variety of mesoporous metal oxide layers with tunable morphologies on various substrates for high-performance applications.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was partially supported by the Center for Advanced Meta-Materials (CAMM) (NRF-2014M3A6B3063716) funded by the National Research Foundation (NRF) of Korean government. It was also supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF grant #IIP 1444950) and Berkeley Sensor & Actuator Center (BSAC) Industrial Members.
© 2017 American Chemical Society.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)