Direct spectroscopic observation of interligand energy transfer in cyclometalated heteroleptic iridium(III) complexes: A strategy for phosphorescence color tuning and white light generation

Ngmin You, Kil Suk Kim, Tae Kyu Ahn, Dongho Kim, Soo Young Park

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105 Citations (Scopus)


We have characterized a series of highly phosphorescent cyclometalated heteroleptic Ir(III) complexes containing emitting (chromophoric) ancillary ligands with appropriate triplet levels below that of the cyclometalating ligand. We directly observed relatively rapid (ca. 6-7 ns-1exothermic interligand energy transfer (ILET) from the cyclometalating ligand to the emitting ancillary ligand by time-resolved spectroscopy, which afforded a novel strategy of emission color tuning. Characteristic ILET processes in the heteroleptic Ir(III) complexes were further elucidated by electrochemical measurements and the density functional theory calculations. Facile and efficient generation of white phosphorescence was demonstrated by exploring the ILET process in a mixture of heteroleptic Ir(III) complexes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4052-4060
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Mar 15


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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