Functional van der Waals heterojunctions of transition metal dichalcogenides are emerging as a potential candidate for the basis of next-generation logic devices and optoelectronics. However, the complexity of synthesis processes so far has delayed the successful integration of the heterostructure device array within a large scale, which is necessary for practical applications. Here, a direct synthesis method is introduced to fabricate an array of self-assembled WSe2/MoS2 heterostructures through facile solution-based directional precipitation. By manipulating the internal convection flow (i.e., Marangoni flow) of the solution, the WSe2 wires are selectively stacked over the MoS2 wires at a specific angle, which enables the formation of parallel- and cross-aligned heterostructures. The realized WSe2/MoS2-based p–n heterojunction shows not only high rectification (ideality factor: 1.18) but also promising optoelectrical properties with a high responsivity of 5.39 A W−1 and response speed of 16 µs. As a feasible application, a WSe2/MoS2-based photodiode array (10 × 10) is demonstrated, which proves that the photosensing system can detect the position and intensity of an external light source. The solution-based growth of hierarchical structures with various alignments could offer a method for the further development of large-area electronic and optoelectronic applications.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering