Graphene quantum dots (GQD) with diameters as small as ∼2 nm were synthesized by an efficient chemo-mechanical technique. This involved mortar grinding and ultra-sonication as a means of mechanical energy transfer, while N-methyl-pyrrolidone and 1,2-dichlorobenzene were used for exfoliation and breakdown of graphene nanoplatelets. High resolution transmission electron microscopy images showed that the solution-based GQDs were about 2-4 nm in size, and had a crystalline lattice parameter of 0.24 nm. The technique proved useful for extracting GQDs of the desired size. XRD, Raman and FTIR spectroscopy were used to analyze the quality of the graphene structure within the GQDs. The UV responsive GQDs had a band-gap of 2.6 eV and stronger photoluminescence at 350 nm compared to lower wavelengths of laser excitation. An all-printed 2 × 2 array of memristors based on a GQD embedded polymer matrix fabricated on a flexible PET substrate showed an OFF/ON ratio of just over 7 when read at 100 mV, stable retention despite a high compliance current for ∼100 switching cycles, and a robustness of 200 bending cycles up to 1.5 cm bending diameter without compromise on resistive switching states.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by a grant from the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), funded by the Korean government (MSIP) (No. NRF-2014R1A2A1A01007699).
© The Royal Society of Chemistry 2016.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)