The boundaries between domains in single-layer graphene1-4 strongly influence its electronic properties5-12. However, existing approaches for domain visualization, which are based on microscopy and spectroscopy2,12-16, are only effective for domains that are less than a few micrometres in size. Here, we report a simple method for the visualization of arbitrarily large graphene domains by imaging the birefringence of a graphene surface covered with nematic liquid crystals. The method relies on a correspondence between the orientation of the liquid crystal and that of the underlying graphene, which we use to determine the boundaries of macroscopic domains.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Biomedical Engineering
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering