Discovery of simplified leucyladenylate sulfamates as novel leucyl-tRNA synthetase (LRS)-targeted mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) inhibitors

Suyoung Yoon, Jong Hyun Kim, Yura Koh, Phuong Thao Tran, Jihyae Ann, Ina Yoon, Jayun Jang, Won Kyung Kim, Sangkook Lee, Jiyoun Lee, Sunghoon Kim, Jeewoo Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Leucyl-tRNA synthetase (LRS) has been reported to be a possible mediator of intracellular amino acids signaling to mTORC1. Given that mTORC1 is associated with cell proliferation and tumorigenesis, the LRS-mediated mTORC1 pathway may offer an alternative strategy in anticancer therapy. In this study, we developed a series of simplified analogues of leucyladenylate sulfamate (1) as LRS-targeted mTORC1 inhibitors. We replaced the adenylate group with a N-(3,4-dimethoxybenzyl)benzenesulfonamide (2a) or a N-(2-phenoxyethyl)benzenesulfonamide groups (2b) that can maintain specific binding, but has more favorable physicochemical properties such as reduced polarity and asymmetric centers. Among these simplified analogues, compound 16 and its constrained analogue 22 effectively inhibited S6K phosphorylation in a dose-dependent manner and exhibited cancer cell specific cytotoxicity against six different types of cancer cells. This result supports that LRS is a viable target for novel anticancer therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4145-4152
Number of pages8
JournalBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry
Volume25
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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