Low-friction composites with long-term stability based on three-dimensional, mass-producible mesoporous TiO2 nanospheres (MTNs) with a large surface area and carbon black (CB) dispersed in a poly (vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) matrix were developed via dissolution–precipitation approach. The interaction and miscibility were enhanced by the incorporation of a small amount of CB filler. A long-term test (4 h) indicated that the incorporation of 5% MTN reduced both the friction coefficient (0.480) and the specific wear rate (0.412 × 10−4 mm3 N−1 m−1) compared with neat PVDF. The friction coefficient (0.446) was further reduced by the addition of CB (MTN_15CB with 15% MTN) owing to the increased fraction of the nonpolar α phase in the PVDF and the good adhesion properties of the composites.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation (NRF) of South Korea , funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning [grant numbers NRF-2017R1A4A1014569 , 2017R1D1A1B06028030 ].
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films