Distinct prognostic impacts of both atrial volumes on outcomes after radiofrequency ablation of nonvalvular atrial fibrillation: Three-dimensional imaging study using multidetector computed tomography

Jeonggeun Moon, Hye Jeong Lee, Jaemin Shim, Jae Sun Uhm, Jong Youn Kim, huinam pak, Moon Hyoung Lee, Youngjin Kim, Boyoung Joung

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7 Citations (Scopus)


Background Left atrial (LA) enlargement is associated with atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence after radiofrequency ablation (RFA). However, impact of right atrial (RA) size on outcomes after RFA is unclear. Methods Patients who underwent RFA of AF (n = 242, 197 men, 57 ± 11 years) were enrolled (159 paroxysmal [PaAF] and 83 persistent [PeAF]). Three-dimensional RA and LA volumes were measured before RFA with multidetector computed tomography and indexed to body surface area (RAVI and LAVI). Results After a 3-month blanking period, 66 patients (27%) failed to maintain sinus rhythm during follow-up (556 ± 322 days). Despite similar clinical characteristics, LAVI was larger (77 ± 21 vs. 91 ± 27 ml/m2, P < 0.001) and RAVI showed a trend to be greater (85 ± 26 vs. 92 ± 25 ml/m2, P = 0.06) in patients with future recurrence than without recurrence. Additionally, patients with larger RA or LA experienced recurrences more frequently and earlier during follow-up (log rank, P < 0.05 for all). In Cox regression analysis, LAVI was independently associated with outcomes (10 ml/m2 increase; HR: 1.22, 95% CI: 1.09-1.36, P < 0.001), whereas RAVI was not. In subgroup analysis, 25 PaAF patients (16%) experienced recurrence and both atrial volumes failed to predict the outcome independently, despite borderline significance of RAVI (10 ml/m2 increase; HR: 1.21, 95% CI: 1.00-1.48, P = 0.05). Meanwhile, 41 patients (49%) in PeAF group experienced AF recurrence and LAVI was an independent prognosticator (10 ml/m2 increase; HR: 1.19, 95% CI: 1.03-1.36). Conclusions RA size might affect the outcome after RFA in PaAF patients. LA enlargement, rather than RA size, influence outcomes after RFA, especially in PeAF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5430-5436
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Oct 15


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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