Solid-pseudopapillary neoplasm (SPN) is an uncommon pancreatic tumor with mutation in CTNNB1 and distinct clinical and pathological features. We compared the proteomic profiles of SPN to mRNA expression. Pooled SPNs and pooled non-neoplastic pancreatic tissues were examined with high-resolution mass spectrometry. We identified 329 (150 up-regulated and 179 down-regulated) differentially expressed proteins in SPN. We identified 191 proteins (58.1% of the 329 dysregulated proteins) with the same expression tendencies in SPN based on mRNA data. Many overexpressed proteins were related to signaling pathways known to be activated in SPNs. We found that several proteins involved in Wnt signaling, including DKK4 and β-catenin, and proteins that bind β-catenin, such as FUS and NONO, were up-regulated in SPNs. Molecules involved in glycolysis, including PKM2, ENO2, and HK1, were overexpressed in accordance to their mRNA levels. In summary, SPN showed (1) distinct protein expression changes that correlated with mRNA expression, (2) overexpression of Wnt signaling proteins and proteins that bind directly to β-catenin, and (3) overexpression of proteins involved in metabolism. These findings may help develop early diagnostic biomarkers and molecular targets.
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