Background/purpose: SHED and DPSC have stem cell regenerative potential, but comparative research on their cytokine profile is rare. This study aimed to investigate and compare cytokine profiles secreted from stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED) and dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs). Materials and methods: SHED-conditioned medium (CM) and DPSC-CM were extracted using seven primary and permanent teeth each. Cytokine membrane array was performed for each CM to quantify and compare the secretomes of 120 cytokines. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, immunocytochemistry, and immunohistochemistry analysis were performed to demonstrate cytokine membrane array analysis. Results: Significant differences were observed in the expression levels of 68 cytokines–27 and 41 cytokines were 1.3-fold more strongly expressed in SHED-CM and DPSC-CM, respectively. Cytokines involved in immunomodulation, odontogenesis and osteogenesis were more strongly expressed in SHED-CM. Cytokines involved in angiogenesis were detected more strongly in DPSCs-CM. SHED and DPSCs have distinctive cytokine profiles and characteristics in terms of their stem cell regenerative potential. Conclusion: These observations suggest that SHED may have a better cytokine profile related to inflammatory, proliferative, osteogenic, and odontogenic potential.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by the Yonsei University College of Dentistry ( 6-2018-0010 ).
© 2021 Association for Dental Sciences of the Republic of China
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes