Alzheimer's disease (AD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) are the 2 most common causes of dementia. We compared the regional metabolism on 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET) among 21 control subjects and cognitively impaired patients due to DLB (N = 63) and AD (N = 38). All participants underwent 18F-Florbetaben (FBB) PET, and all DLB patients had abnormality on dopamine transporter PET. Both the FBB-positive DLB (N = 38) and FBB-negative DLB (N = 25) groups had increased metabolism in the bilateral central cerebellum, posterior putamen, and somatomotor cortices compared with the control and AD groups. Compared with the control group, the DLB and AD groups commonly exhibited hypometabolism in the bilateral lateral temporal, temporo-parietal junction, posterior cingulate, and precuneus cortices. Both DLB groups had additional hypometabolism in the bilateral thalami and dorsolateral prefrontal cortices, whereas the AD group did in the bilateral entorhinal cortices and hippocampi. Our results suggest that hypermetabolism in the somatomotor cortex, posterior putamen, or central cerebellum could be a useful imaging biomarker for detecting DLB patients, while entorhinal/hippocampal hypometabolism could be a specific biomarker for AD.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Neurobiology of Aging|
|Publication status||Published - 2020 Mar|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (NRF-2019R1I1A1A01059454) and the Ministry of Science and ICT (NRF-2018M3C7A1056898).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology
- Developmental Biology
- Geriatrics and Gerontology