Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, polychlorinated dibenzofurans, and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in char and slag produced from automobile shredder residue by pyrolysis and melting process were analyzed to measure changes in the characteristics and distribution of their congeners caused by thermal treatment. In particular, a large quantity of dioxin-like PCBs occurred in low-chlorinated congeners. The concentration of PCDDs/PCDFs in char was 0.542 μg/kg, with mostly PCDFs dominant and its toxicity equivalent concentration (TEQ) was about 70 ng TEQ/kg. The concentration and toxicity equivalent concentration of dioxin-like PCBs in char were 0.869 μg/kg and 1.60 ng TEQ/kg, respectively. Melted char slag was produced using various cooling methods: water quenching, air cooling, and slow cooling. The concentrations of PCDDs/PCDFs in slag produced by the methods were 1.51, 1.38, and 2.43 ng TEQ/kg, respectively; those of dioxin-like PCBs were close to 0.01 ng TEQ/kg. The congener distributions varied only slightly among the cooling methods. Applying melting procedure to char reduced PCDD/PCDF concentration by 95.3%, and the corresponding TEQ concentration was reduced by 97.9%. We thus conclude that melting process is an efficient way to reduce the concentrations of PCDDs/PCDFs in solids produced by pyrolysis.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Project on Technology Development of Cleaner Production and Korea Institute of Environmental Science and Technology (KIEST) in Korea. And the authors also thank to the partial support by the Maeji Academic Research Fund of Yonsei University and Brain Korea 21 Project.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis