By Etest determination of the susceptibilities of 229 Haemophilus influenzae strains isolated in Korea to 10 antibiotics, the isolates were found to be antibiotic nonsusceptible in the following order: ampicillin (58.1%), trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (52%), cefaclor (41.1%), clarithromycin (25.8%), chloramphenicol (14.0%), amoxicillin-clavulanic acid (13.5%), meropenem (11.7%), cefixime (10.9%), cefuroxime (9.2%), and levofloxacin (1.3%). The prevalences of each resistance class were 23.6% for β-lactamase-negative ampicillin-susceptible (BLNAS) strains; 37.6% for strains with the TEM-1 type β-lactamase gene; 1.3% for strains with the ROB-1 type β-lactamase gene; 29.3% for the β-lactamase-negative ampicillin-resistant (BLNAR) strains with a mutation in the ftsI gene, which encodes PBP 3; and 8.3% for β-lactamase-positive amoxicillin-clavulanate-resistant (BLPACR) strains, which showed both resistance mechanisms (i.e., a β-lactamase gene and a mutation in the ftsI gene). The MIC50s of all β-lactams, including cephem and meropenem agents, for the BLNAR strains were two to three times higher than those for the BLNAS strains. This study confirms that the prevalence of BLNAR and BLPACR strains is relatively high and for the first time confirms the presence of H. influenzae strains carrying blaROB-1 in Korea. Even though mutations in another gene(s) might be involved in β-lactam resistance, these results suggest that mutations in the ftsI gene are important for the development of resistance to β-lactams in H. influenzae strains in Korea.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases