OBJECTIVES: Flow cytometric analysis of a paraffin-embedded block of tissue provides rapid and accurate means of analyzing the DNA content of a tumor. The aim of this study was to clarify the clinical significance of flow cytometric findings in early gastric cancer(EGC). Thus we conducted this study to investigate whether DNA contents of tumor cells can correlate with known prognostic indices in patients with EGC. METHODS: The flow cytometric DNA analysis was performed with paraffin-embedded specimens from tumors of 107 patients with EGC. Flow cytometric analysis was performed using a FACScan (Becton Dickinson). In constructing the histogram, 30,000 cells were scanned from each section and results were scored. The S-phase fraction was obtained according to the CellFit cell cycle analysis (Becton Dikinson). Frequencies of aneuploidy in tumors with various clinical and pathologic parameters were compared using the chi-square test. Mean SPF/PI valuse were compared by the student t-test. RESULTS: Diploidy pattern was observed in 80 (75%) cases while aneuploidy was seen in 27(25%) cases. Aneuploidy was more frequently detected in tumors with submucosal involvement (32.7%) and lymph node (+) group (30.8%) than in the mucosal tumor (17.3%) and lymph node (-) group (24.5%), but the differences were not significant. Frequency of aneuploidy was not affected by either the histologic type or morphologic classification. On the other hand, high proliferative activities (SPF/PI) significantly correlated with the submucosal tumor invasion (66.7% vs. 45%; p < 0.05) and lymph node metastasis (28.6% vs. 7.5%; p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Tumor aggressiveness is not directly related to DNA aneuploidy but proliferative activities are responsible for the aggressive nature of early gastric cancer. The results of this study show that DNA analysis by flow cytometry in considered to be one method of determining the biological activity of gastric cancer cells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine