One of the major goals of this review was to identify obesity-specific gene profiles in animal models to help comprehend the pathogenic mechanisms and the prediction of the phenotypic outcomes of obesity and its associated metabolic diseases. The genomic examination of insulin-sensitive tissues, such as the adipose and hepatic tissues, has provided a wealth of information about the changes in gene expression in obesity and its associated metabolic diseases. The overexpression of genes related to inflammation, immune response, adhesion molecules, and lipid metabolism is a major characteristic of white adipose tissue, while the overexpression of the genes related to lipid metabolism, adipocyte differentiation, defense, and stress responses is noticeable in the non-alcoholic fatty liver of obese rodents. The hepatic-gene expression profiles led us to hypothesize that in obese rodents, the livers are supplied with large amounts of free fatty acids under conditions associated with obesity either through increased fatty acid biosynthesis or through decreased fatty acid oxidation, which may lead to increased mitochondrial respiratory activity. The wide list of genes that were identified in previous studies could be a source of potential therapeutic targets because most of these genes are involved in the key mechanisms of obesity development, from adipocyte differentiation to the disturbance of metabolism.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Molecular Medicine