Drawing on previous research on intimate partner violence, child maltreatment, and informal social control, we hypothesized relationships between child abuse severity and (1) protective informal social control of intimate partner violence (ISC_IPV) by neighbors, (2) intimate terrorism, (3) family order, and (4) the power of mothers in intimate relationships. In what we believe may be a first study of physical child abuse by parents in Nepal, we used a three stage cluster approach to draw a random sample of 300 families in Kathmandu. Random effects regression models were used to test the study hypotheses. The analyses found support for hypotheses one and two, but with an important caveat. Although observed (actual) protective ISC_IPV had the hypothesized negative association with child abuse severity, in one of our models perceived protective ISC_IPV was positively associated with child abuse severity. The models clarify that the overall direction of protective ISC_IPV appears to be negative (protective), but the positive finding is important to consider for both research and practice. A significant relationship between family order and child abuse severity was found, but the direction was negative rather than positive as in hypothesis three. Implications for neighborhood research and typological research on IPV and child maltreatment are discussed.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Measure development was facilitated by a grant from the H.F. Guggenheim Foundation .
We thank Hon. Eknath Dakhal, the Minister of Cooperatives and Poverty Alleviation, and Mr. Santosh Paudel who made this study possible. We also wish to thank Keshav Shrestha, the Kathmandu research team, and the participants. We would like to thank the Faculty of Social and Policy Sciences at the University of Bath for providing time and space to write up the study results. Measure development was facilitated by a grant from the H.F. Guggenheim Foundation and Namseoul University.
© 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Psychiatry and Mental health