Domain epitaxy of crystalline BeO films on GaN and ZnO substrates

Seung Min Lee, Jung Hwan Yum, Eric S. Larsen, Shahab Shervin, Weijie Wang, Jae Hyun Ryou, Christopher W. Bielawski, Woo Chul Lee, Seong Keun Kim, Jungwoo Oh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We demonstrated the growth of wurtzite-crystalline beryllium oxide (BeO) thin films on GaN and ZnO substrates using atomic layer deposition (ALD). Single-crystalline BeO were epitaxially grown on GaN. Despite the inherently large lattice mismatch of BeO and GaN atoms, the 6/5 and 7/6 domain-matched structures dramatically reduced the residual strain in BeO thin films. On the other hand, the lattice mismatch of BeO and ZnO was not effectively accommodated in the mixed domains. X-ray diffraction (XRD) confirmed the in-plane crystallization of BeO-on-substrates in the (002){102} BeO ||(002){102} Sub orientation and relaxation degrees of 20.8% (GaN), 100% (ZnO). The theoretical critical thicknesses of BeO for strain relaxation were 2.2 μm (GaN) and 1.6 nm (ZnO), calculated using a total film energy model. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Fourier-filtered imaging supported the bonding configuration and crystallinity of wurtzite BeO thin films on GaN and ZnO substrates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3745-3752
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume102
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jun 1

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Beryllia
Epitaxial growth
Oxide films
Crystalline materials
Substrates
Lattice mismatch
Thin films
beryllium oxide
Strain relaxation
Atomic layer deposition
Crystallization
Transmission electron microscopy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Lee, S. M., Yum, J. H., Larsen, E. S., Shervin, S., Wang, W., Ryou, J. H., ... Oh, J. (2019). Domain epitaxy of crystalline BeO films on GaN and ZnO substrates. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 102(6), 3745-3752. https://doi.org/10.1111/jace.16198
Lee, Seung Min ; Yum, Jung Hwan ; Larsen, Eric S. ; Shervin, Shahab ; Wang, Weijie ; Ryou, Jae Hyun ; Bielawski, Christopher W. ; Lee, Woo Chul ; Kim, Seong Keun ; Oh, Jungwoo. / Domain epitaxy of crystalline BeO films on GaN and ZnO substrates. In: Journal of the American Ceramic Society. 2019 ; Vol. 102, No. 6. pp. 3745-3752.
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abstract = "We demonstrated the growth of wurtzite-crystalline beryllium oxide (BeO) thin films on GaN and ZnO substrates using atomic layer deposition (ALD). Single-crystalline BeO were epitaxially grown on GaN. Despite the inherently large lattice mismatch of BeO and GaN atoms, the 6/5 and 7/6 domain-matched structures dramatically reduced the residual strain in BeO thin films. On the other hand, the lattice mismatch of BeO and ZnO was not effectively accommodated in the mixed domains. X-ray diffraction (XRD) confirmed the in-plane crystallization of BeO-on-substrates in the (002){102} BeO ||(002){102} Sub orientation and relaxation degrees of 20.8{\%} (GaN), 100{\%} (ZnO). The theoretical critical thicknesses of BeO for strain relaxation were 2.2 μm (GaN) and 1.6 nm (ZnO), calculated using a total film energy model. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Fourier-filtered imaging supported the bonding configuration and crystallinity of wurtzite BeO thin films on GaN and ZnO substrates.",
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Lee, SM, Yum, JH, Larsen, ES, Shervin, S, Wang, W, Ryou, JH, Bielawski, CW, Lee, WC, Kim, SK & Oh, J 2019, 'Domain epitaxy of crystalline BeO films on GaN and ZnO substrates', Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 102, no. 6, pp. 3745-3752. https://doi.org/10.1111/jace.16198

Domain epitaxy of crystalline BeO films on GaN and ZnO substrates. / Lee, Seung Min; Yum, Jung Hwan; Larsen, Eric S.; Shervin, Shahab; Wang, Weijie; Ryou, Jae Hyun; Bielawski, Christopher W.; Lee, Woo Chul; Kim, Seong Keun; Oh, Jungwoo.

In: Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 102, No. 6, 01.06.2019, p. 3745-3752.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Lee, Seung Min

AU - Yum, Jung Hwan

AU - Larsen, Eric S.

AU - Shervin, Shahab

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AU - Ryou, Jae Hyun

AU - Bielawski, Christopher W.

AU - Lee, Woo Chul

AU - Kim, Seong Keun

AU - Oh, Jungwoo

PY - 2019/6/1

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N2 - We demonstrated the growth of wurtzite-crystalline beryllium oxide (BeO) thin films on GaN and ZnO substrates using atomic layer deposition (ALD). Single-crystalline BeO were epitaxially grown on GaN. Despite the inherently large lattice mismatch of BeO and GaN atoms, the 6/5 and 7/6 domain-matched structures dramatically reduced the residual strain in BeO thin films. On the other hand, the lattice mismatch of BeO and ZnO was not effectively accommodated in the mixed domains. X-ray diffraction (XRD) confirmed the in-plane crystallization of BeO-on-substrates in the (002){102} BeO ||(002){102} Sub orientation and relaxation degrees of 20.8% (GaN), 100% (ZnO). The theoretical critical thicknesses of BeO for strain relaxation were 2.2 μm (GaN) and 1.6 nm (ZnO), calculated using a total film energy model. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Fourier-filtered imaging supported the bonding configuration and crystallinity of wurtzite BeO thin films on GaN and ZnO substrates.

AB - We demonstrated the growth of wurtzite-crystalline beryllium oxide (BeO) thin films on GaN and ZnO substrates using atomic layer deposition (ALD). Single-crystalline BeO were epitaxially grown on GaN. Despite the inherently large lattice mismatch of BeO and GaN atoms, the 6/5 and 7/6 domain-matched structures dramatically reduced the residual strain in BeO thin films. On the other hand, the lattice mismatch of BeO and ZnO was not effectively accommodated in the mixed domains. X-ray diffraction (XRD) confirmed the in-plane crystallization of BeO-on-substrates in the (002){102} BeO ||(002){102} Sub orientation and relaxation degrees of 20.8% (GaN), 100% (ZnO). The theoretical critical thicknesses of BeO for strain relaxation were 2.2 μm (GaN) and 1.6 nm (ZnO), calculated using a total film energy model. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Fourier-filtered imaging supported the bonding configuration and crystallinity of wurtzite BeO thin films on GaN and ZnO substrates.

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Lee SM, Yum JH, Larsen ES, Shervin S, Wang W, Ryou JH et al. Domain epitaxy of crystalline BeO films on GaN and ZnO substrates. Journal of the American Ceramic Society. 2019 Jun 1;102(6):3745-3752. https://doi.org/10.1111/jace.16198