Domain-size and top-height dependence in regional predictions for the Northeast Asia in spring

In Sun Song, Ui Yong Byun, Jinkyu Hong, Sang Hun Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

For regional weather forecasts and climate predictions, it is important to determine the optimal domain size, location, and top height. A wide model domain can be chosen to avoid noises from lateral boundaries but this can include the Tibetan Plateau and areas of northern Manchuria to the Kamchatka Peninsula in Northeast Asia. This study shows that topographic regions around the Tibetan Plateau and warm pool areas over the Manchuria in an extended model domain may have harmful effects on the accuracy of short- to medium-range regional predictions on the downwind side in spring. The inaccuracy is related to model errors due to steep terrain regions in the Tibetan Plateau and cold bias in the lower stratosphere north of Manchuria. Well-designed spectral nudging over the eastern flank of the Tibetan Plateau and the use of a higher model top are found to improve regional predictions for Northeast Asia in spring by effectively eliminating errors associated with steep topography and temperature biases in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere, respectively. Our findings suggest possible ways to mitigate biases due to steep mountains and upper-level processes in regional modeling. We discuss the role of our method in terms of uncertainties in regional weather forecasts and climate predictions.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere799
JournalAtmospheric Science Letters
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1

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plateau
climate prediction
prediction
stratosphere
weather
warm pool
troposphere
topography
mountain
Asia
modeling
temperature
forecast
method
effect
cold

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

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abstract = "For regional weather forecasts and climate predictions, it is important to determine the optimal domain size, location, and top height. A wide model domain can be chosen to avoid noises from lateral boundaries but this can include the Tibetan Plateau and areas of northern Manchuria to the Kamchatka Peninsula in Northeast Asia. This study shows that topographic regions around the Tibetan Plateau and warm pool areas over the Manchuria in an extended model domain may have harmful effects on the accuracy of short- to medium-range regional predictions on the downwind side in spring. The inaccuracy is related to model errors due to steep terrain regions in the Tibetan Plateau and cold bias in the lower stratosphere north of Manchuria. Well-designed spectral nudging over the eastern flank of the Tibetan Plateau and the use of a higher model top are found to improve regional predictions for Northeast Asia in spring by effectively eliminating errors associated with steep topography and temperature biases in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere, respectively. Our findings suggest possible ways to mitigate biases due to steep mountains and upper-level processes in regional modeling. We discuss the role of our method in terms of uncertainties in regional weather forecasts and climate predictions.",
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Domain-size and top-height dependence in regional predictions for the Northeast Asia in spring. / Song, In Sun; Byun, Ui Yong; Hong, Jinkyu; Park, Sang Hun.

In: Atmospheric Science Letters, Vol. 19, No. 1, e799, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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