Asymmetric or symmetric metal-tipped one-dimensional (1D) semiconductors are promising systems for efficient photocatalytic reactions such as solar-to-fuel conversion because of ultrafast exciton dynamics that arise at the specific heterostructure interface. However, synthesizing such unique nanostructures experiencing colloid growth on noble metal that has faced a formidable challenge in practical application because these synthesis conditions are not suitable to deploy in mass production. Here, we report the gram-scale mass production of symmetric MoS2-tipped CdS nanowires (S-MtC NWs) via edge-terminated attachment in a binary solvent. The factors influencing the formation of symmetric heterostructures are investigated by varying the types of precursors, initial concentration, and solvent composition. Under visible-light irradiation (λ≥420 nm), the S-MtC NWs exhibit superior photocatalytic H2 evolution activity (12.6 mmol/g/h) compared to common Pt/CdS NWs (2.6 mmol/g/h), corresponding to an apparent quantum yield of 37.6% at 420 nm. This impressive photocatalytic ability is ascribed to spatially separated redox-active sites in the S-MtC NWs, in which the reduction and oxidation sites are at the MoS2 tip and the CdS stem, respectively. Additionally, it is found that the length of CdS NWs as higher aspect ratio as possible could get better photocatalyst H2 performance. The symmetry of 2D MoS2 tips and 1D CdS NWs may provide advanced avenues for specific co-catalyst decoration, enabling co-catalysts to be selectively located at reduction or oxidation sites for other targeted solar artificial syntheses.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the NRF of Korea Grant funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT, and Future Planning (NRF-2013R1A2A1A09014038, 2015M1A2A2074663, 2014M3A7B4052200,2016M3D3A1A01913254 (C1 Gas Refinery Program)). This work was supported in part by the Yonsei University Future-leading Research Initiative of 2015 (2015-22-0067). This work were supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 11404006).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Materials Science(all)
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering