Double helicity asymmetry in inclusive midrapidity π0 production for polarized p + p collisions at √s = 200 GeV

S. S. Adler, S. Afanasiev, C. Aidala, N. N. Ajitanand, Y. Akiba, A. Al-Jamel, J. Alexander, K. Aoki, L. Aphecetche, R. Armendariz, S. H. Aronson, R. Averbeck, T. C. Awes, V. Babintsev, A. Baldisseri, K. N. Barish, P. D. Barnes, B. Bassalleck, S. Bathe, S. BatsouliV. Baublis, F. Bauer, A. Bazilevsky, S. Belikov, M. T. Bjorndal, J. G. Boissevain, H. Borel, M. L. Brooks, D. S. Brown, N. Bruner, D. Bucher, H. Buesching, V. Bumazhnov, G. Bunce, J. M. Burward-Hoy, S. Butsyk, X. Camard, P. Chand, W. C. Chang, S. Chernichenko, C. Y. Chi, J. Chiba, M. Chiu, I. J. Choi, R. K. Choudhury, T. Chujo, V. Cianciolo, Y. Cobigo, B. A. Cole, M. P. Comets, P. Constantin, M. Csanád, T. Csörgo, J. P. Cussonneau, D. d'Enterria, K. Das, G. David, F. Deák, H. Delagrange, A. Denisov, A. Deshpande, E. J. Desmond, A. Devismes, O. Dietzsch, J. L. Drachenberg, O. Drapier, A. Drees, A. Durum, D. Dutta, V. Dzhordzhadze, Y. V. Efremenko, H. En'yo, B. Espagnon, S. Esumi, D. E. Fields, C. Finck, F. Fleuret, S. L. Fokin, B. D. Fox, Z. Fraenkel, J. E. Frantz, A. Franz, A. D. Frawley, Y. Fukao, S. Y. Fung, S. Gadrat, M. Germain, A. Glenn, M. Gonin, J. Gosset, Y. Goto, R. Granier de Cassagnac, N. Grau, S. V. Greene, M. Grosse Perdekamp, H. A. Gustafsson, T. Hachiya, J. S. Haggerty, H. Hamagaki, A. G. Hansen, E. P. Hartouni, M. Harvey, K. Hasuko, R. Hayano, X. He, M. Heffner, T. K. Hemmick, J. M. Heuser, P. Hidas, H. Hiejima, J. C. Hill, R. Hobbs, W. Holzmann, K. Homma, B. Hong, A. Hoover, T. Horaguchi, T. Ichihara, VV Ikonnikov, K. Imai, M. Inaba, M. Inuzuka, D. Isenhower, L. Isenhower, M. Ishihara, M. Issah, A. Isupov, B. V. Jacak, J. Jia, O. Jinnouchi, B. M. Johnson, S. C. Johnson, K. S. Joo, D. Jouan, F. Kajihara, S. Kametani, N. Kamihara, M. Kaneta, J. H. Kang, K. Katou, T. Kawabata, A. Kazantsev, S. Kelly, B. Khachaturov, A. Khanzadeev, J. Kikuchi, D. J. Kim, E. Kim, G. B. Kim, H. J. Kim, E. Kinney, A. Kiss, E. Kistenev, A. Kiyomichi, C. Klein-Boesing, H. Kobayashi, V. Kochetkov, R. Kohara, B. Komkov, M. Konno, D. Kotchetkov, A. Kozlov, P. J. Kroon, C. H. Kuberg, G. J. Kunde, K. Kurita, M. J. Kweon, Y. Kwon, G. S. Kyle, R. Lacey, J. G. Lajoie, Y. le Bornec, A. Lebedev, S. Leckey, D. M. Lee, M. J. Leitch, M. A.L. Leite, X. Li, X. H. Li, H. Lim, A. Litvinenko, M. X. Liu, C. F. Maguire, Y. I. Makdisi, A. Malakhov, V. I. Manko, Y. Mao, G. Martinez, H. Masui, F. Matathias, T. Matsumoto, M. C. McCain, P. L. McGaughey, Y. Miake, T. E. Miller, A. Milov, S. Mioduszewski, G. C. Mishra, J. T. Mitchell, A. K. Mohanty, D. P. Morrison, J. M. Moss, D. Mukhopadhyay, M. Muniruzzaman, S. Nagamiya, J. L. Nagle, T. Nakamura, J. Newby, A. S. Nyanin, J. Nystrand, E. O'Brien, C. A. Ogilvie, H. Ohnishi, I. D. Ojha, H. Okada, K. Okada, A. Oskarsson, I. Otterlund, K. Oyama, K. Ozawa, D. Pal, A. P.T. Palounek, V. Pantuev, V. Papavassiliou, J. Park, W. J. Park, S. F. Pate, H. Pei, V. Penev, J. C. Peng, H. Pereira, V. Peresedov, A. Pierson, C. Pinkenburg, R. P. Pisani, M. L. Purschke, A. K. Purwar, J. Qualls, J. Rak, I. Ravinovich, K. F. Read, M. Reuter, K. Reygers, V. Riabov, Y. Riabov, G. Roche, A. Romana, M. Rosati, S. Rosendahl, P. Rosnet, V. L. Rykov, S. S. Ryu, N. Saito, T. Sakaguchi, S. Sakai, V. Samsonov, L. Sanfratello, R. Santo, H. D. Sato, S. Sato, S. Sawada, Y. Schutz, V. Semenov, R. Seto, T. K. Shea, I. Shein, T. A. Shibata, K. Shigaki, M. Shimomura, A. Sickles, C. L. Silva, D. Silvermyr, K. S. Sim, A. Soldatov, R. A. Soltz, W. E. Sondheim, S. Sorensen, I. V. Sourikova, F. Staley, P. W. Stankus, E. Stenlund, M. Stepanov, A. Ster, S. P. Stoll, T. Sugitate, J. P. Sullivan, S. Takagi, E. M. Takagui, A. Taketani, K. H. Tanaka, Y. Tanaka, K. Tanida, M. J. Tannenbaum, A. Taranenko, P. Tarján, T. L. Thomas, M. Togawa, J. Tojo, H. Torii, R. S. Towell, V. N. Tram, I. Tserruya, Y. Tsuchimoto, H. Tydesjö, N. Tyurin, T. J. Uam, H. W. van Hecke, J. Velkovska, M. Velkovsky, V. Veszprémi, A. A. Vinogradov, M. A. Volkov, E. Vznuzdaev, X. R. Wang, Y. Watanabe, S. N. White, N. Willis, F. K. Wohn, C. L. Woody, W. Xie, A. Yanovich, S. Yokkaichi, G. R. Young, I. E. Yushmanov, W. A. Zajc, O. Zaudtke, C. Zhang, S. Zhou, J. Zimányi, L. Zolin, X. Zong

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Abstract

A technique for determining the polarized gluon distribution using polarized protons, was presented. The transverse beam polarization was measured in Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) independently in each beam using proton-carbon elastic scattering in the Coulomb nuclear interference region. The results of the double spin helicity asymmetries for π0 production began to probe the proton spin structure in the perturbative quantum chromodynamic (QCD) regime with a sensitivity comparable to the polarized inclusive deep inelastic scattering data. The observed symmetry was small and was compared to a next-to-leading-order perturbative (NLO pQCD) calculation with a range of polarized gluon distributions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number202002
Pages (from-to)202002-1-202002-6
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume93
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Nov 12

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank the staff of the Collider-Accelerator Department, Magnet Division, and Physics Department at BNL and the RHIC polarimetry group for their vital contributions. We thank W. Vogelsang for informative discussions. We acknowledge support from the Department of Energy and NSF (U.S.A.), MEXT and JSPS (Japan), CNPq and FAPESP (Brazil), NSFC (China), IN2P3/CNRS, CEA, and ARMINES (France), BMBF, DAAD, and AvH (Germany), OTKA (Hungary), DAE and DST (India), ISF (Israel), KRF and CHEP (Korea), RAS, RMAE, and RMS (Russia), VR and KAW (Sweden), U.S. CRDF for the FSU, U.S.-Hungarian NSF-OTKA-MTA, and U.S.-Israel BSF.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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