Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) is a commonly used hole injection layer (HIL) in quantum-dot light-emitting diodes (QLEDs). In this study, we investigated a double-layer structured HIL based on PEDOT:PSS to improve the hole injection for high-performance QLEDs. Two different types of PEDOT:PSS, having different conductivities, were used to form a double-layer structured HIL, and we observed improved hole injection behavior of the device. The origin of the enhanced hole injection was investigated using ultraviolet and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. We found that the density of state for the hole injection and transport was increased at the HIL when we formed a double-layer structured HIL for the device, compared to the QLEDs with a single layer PEDOT:PSS HIL. Therefore, high-performance QLEDs were fabricated using a double-layer structured HIL, and the maximum luminance and luminous efficiency of the devices were measured as 53,109 Cd/m2 and 2.1 Cd/A, respectively. Our results suggest that a double-layer structured HIL based on PEDOT:PSS is a suitable HIL to improve QLEDs.
|Journal||Thin Solid Films|
|Publication status||Published - 2019 Oct 1|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by a research project grant from the National Research Foundation of Korea ( NRF-2016R1D1A1B03932144 ).
© 2019 Elsevier B.V.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Metals and Alloys
- Materials Chemistry