Doubly β-functionalized meso - Meso directly linked porphyrin dimer sensitizers for photovoltaics

Jong Kang Park, Jinping Chen, Hye Ryun Lee, Sun Woo Park, Hiroshi Shinokubo, Atsuhiro Osuka, Dongho Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

72 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Novel meso - meso directly linked porphyrin dimers tethered at β-pyrrolic positions of the porphyrin ring with 2-propenoic acids or 2,4-pentadienoic acids were prepared for sensitization of nanocrystalline titanium dioxide solar cells. Most importantly, the absorption spectra of dimeric porphyrins were notably extended into the midvisible region in the solar spectrum while the LUMO levels are sufficiently high to inject electrons to the conduction band of TiO2. Among these dimers, PEG-2b-bd-Zn2 dimer, bearing a poly(ethylene glycol) end group at one meso position, showed the highest incident photon-to-photocurrent generation with 47% efficiency at the Soret region as well as the power conversion efficiency of 4.2% under standard AM 1.5 solar condition. To elucidate electronic structures and excited-state properties, UV-vis absorption and emission, cyclic voltammetry measurements, and density functional theory calculations were performed. To our best knowledge, the obtained conversion efficiency of 4.2% from PEG-2b-bd-Zn2-sensitized DSSC is the highest photovoltaic performance among DSSCs based on oligomeric porphyrins. Thus, this work suggests that the wide spectral response of directly linked porphyrin dimers due to the excitonic coupling is an intriguing aspect of directly linked pophyrin dimers to be utilized for DSSCs and gives an insight into the design of more efficient light-harvesting molecules.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21956-21963
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume113
Issue number52
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Dec 1

Fingerprint

Porphyrins
porphyrins
Dimers
dimers
Polyethylene glycols
Conversion efficiency
Bearings (structural)
acids
Acids
solar spectra
Conduction bands
Photocurrents
spectral sensitivity
Excited states
titanium oxides
Titanium dioxide
Cyclic voltammetry
Electronic structure
Density functional theory
photocurrents

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

Park, Jong Kang ; Chen, Jinping ; Lee, Hye Ryun ; Park, Sun Woo ; Shinokubo, Hiroshi ; Osuka, Atsuhiro ; Kim, Dongho. / Doubly β-functionalized meso - Meso directly linked porphyrin dimer sensitizers for photovoltaics. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 2009 ; Vol. 113, No. 52. pp. 21956-21963.
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Doubly β-functionalized meso - Meso directly linked porphyrin dimer sensitizers for photovoltaics. / Park, Jong Kang; Chen, Jinping; Lee, Hye Ryun; Park, Sun Woo; Shinokubo, Hiroshi; Osuka, Atsuhiro; Kim, Dongho.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 113, No. 52, 01.12.2009, p. 21956-21963.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Park, Jong Kang

AU - Chen, Jinping

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